You have no items in your shopping cart.
Search
Filters

California Guardianship Practice 2019

Keep up with the newest laws and trends with the best and most comprehensive resource on California guardianships law and practice.

Keep up with the newest laws and trends with the best and most comprehensive resource on California guardianships law and practice.

  • Analysis of the need for a guardianship and discussion of alternatives
  • Guidance on initiating guardianship proceedings
  • In-depth coverage of guardianships of the person and estate
  • Explanations of jurisdiction and venue in probate guardianships
  • Detailed instructions and practical advice for completing Judicial Council forms
  • Forms and recommendations for obtaining Special Immigrant Juvenile Status
  • Guardianships under the Indian Child Welfare Act
  • Court investigations and reports, administration, accountings, and termination
OnLAW ES94530

Web access for one user.

 

$ 199.00
Print ES33535

softcover, 2019

 

$ 199.00
Add Forms CD to Print ES23535
$ 99.00

Keep up with the newest laws and trends with the best and most comprehensive resource on California guardianships law and practice.

  • Analysis of the need for a guardianship and discussion of alternatives
  • Guidance on initiating guardianship proceedings
  • In-depth coverage of guardianships of the person and estate
  • Explanations of jurisdiction and venue in probate guardianships
  • Detailed instructions and practical advice for completing Judicial Council forms
  • Forms and recommendations for obtaining Special Immigrant Juvenile Status
  • Guardianships under the Indian Child Welfare Act
  • Court investigations and reports, administration, accountings, and termination

1

Introduction to Probate Guardianships

Don Edward Green

Oliver Greenwood

  • I.  OVERVIEW  1.1
    • A.  Duration of Guardianship  1.2
    • B.  Temporary Guardianship  1.3
      • 1.  Temporary Guardianship of the Person  1.4
      • 2.  Temporary Guardianship of the Estate  1.5
    • C.  Terminology  1.6
    • D.   Court Reporters and the Record  1.6A
  • II.  COMMON SCENARIOS  1.7
  • III.  GATHERING INFORMATION AND DECIDING WHETHER TO PROCEED WITH GUARDIANSHIP
    • A.  First Interview
      • 1.  Purpose  1.8
      • 2.  Use of Checklist and Petition for Appointment at First Interview  1.9
      • 3.  Checklist: Initial Client Interview  1.10
    • B.  Consider Alternatives  1.11
    • C.  Discuss Realities, Rights, and Liabilities of Guardian  1.12
  • IV.  CHOICE OF PETITIONER
    • A.  Proposed Guardian  1.13
    • B.  Standing to File Petition  1.13A
    • C.  Relative or Friend  1.14
    • D.  Minor  1.15
    • E.  One Guardian for More Than One Minor  1.16
    • F.  More Than One Guardian for One Minor  1.17
  • V.  NOMINATION OF GUARDIAN
    • A.  General Considerations  1.18
    • B.  Appointment of Terminally Ill Custodial Parent as Joint Guardian of the Person  1.19
    • C.  Authority of Nominated Guardian  1.20
    • D.  Form: Sample Clauses for Use in Nomination of Guardian  1.21
  • VI.  CONDUCT OF THE PARTIES  1.21A
    • A.  Willful Violation of Court Orders  1.21B
    • B.  Restraining Orders  1.21C
  • VII.  THE NEXT STEP  1.22

2

Alternatives to Probate Guardianship

Don Edward Green

William L. Winslow

  • I.  GUARDIANSHIPS AND OTHER COURT PROCEEDINGS INVOLVING CARE, PROTECTION, AND CUSTODY OF A MINOR  2.1
    • A.  Guardianship Proceedings in Probate Court  2.2
    • B.  Custody Proceedings in Family Court  2.3
    • C.  Dependency Proceedings in Juvenile Court  2.4
    • D.  Delinquency Proceedings in Juvenile Court  2.5
    • E.  Adoption Proceedings  2.6
  • II.  EMANCIPATION OF MINOR  2.7
    • A.  Emancipated Minor’s Control of His or Her Person  2.8
    • B.  Emancipated Minor’s Control Over Property and Finances  2.9
    • C.  Ability to Apply for Food Stamps  2.10
  • III.  WHEN GUARDIANSHIP OF THE PERSON MAY NOT BE REQUIRED
    • A.  Caregiver’s Authority
      • 1.  Authority to Enroll Minor in School and Authorize Medical Care  2.11
      • 2.  Form: Caregiver’s Authorization Affidavit (Fam C §6552)  2.12
    • B.  Consent to Medical Treatment  2.13
      • 1.  When Authorized Care Provider May Consent
        • a.  Authorization for Adult Entrusted With Minor’s Care to Consent  2.14
        • b.  Form: Authorization for Care Provider to Consent to Medical or Dental Treatment of Minor (Fam C §6910)  2.15
      • 2.  Application by Minor for Court Consent to Medical or Dental Care  2.16
        • a.  Procedure  2.17
        • b.  Form: Application for Consent  2.18
        • c.  Form: Order Granting Consent  2.19
      • 3.  Minor’s Consent to Medical Treatment and Other Services
        • a.  Blood Donations  2.20
        • b.  Mental Health Treatment, Counseling, Residential Shelter Services for Minor  2.21
        • c.  Other Health Care Situations in Which Minor’s Consent Is Valid  2.22
    • C.  Marriage and Divorce of Minor  2.23
      • 1.  Form: Application for Consent for Minor to Marry  2.24
      • 2.  Form: Order Granting Consent for Minor to Marry  2.25
    • D.  Application by Minor for Court Consent to Enlist in Armed Forces  2.26
  • IV.  WHEN GUARDIANSHIP OF THE ESTATE MAY NOT BE REQUIRED  2.27
    • A.  Control of Assets That Do Not Require Court Order or Guardianship
      • 1.  Parent as Legal Guardian  2.28
      • 2.  Trusts for Minor’s Artistic, Creative, and Sports Services Earnings  2.29
      • 3.  Minor’s Capacity to Contract and Power to Disaffirm Contracts  2.30
      • 4.  Minor’s Ownership of Property  2.31
      • 5.  Delivery to Parent of Assets Belonging to Minor (Prob C §§3400–3402)
        • a.  Conditions for Delivery to Parent  2.32
        • b.  Form: Written Assurance of Parent (Prob C §3401(c)(2))  2.33
      • 6.  Informal Arrangements  2.34
      • 7.  Trusts Benefiting Minors  2.35
      • 8.  Custodianships Under California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act  2.36
      • 9.  Bank Accounts in Minor’s Name: Financial Code Rules  2.37
      • 10.  Public Benefits
        • a.  Receipt of Social Security Benefits  2.38
        • b.  Application for Welfare Assistance: CalWORKs Payments  2.39
    • B.  Petition for Order Directing Investment of Money Belonging to Minor (Prob C §3411)  2.40
      • 1.  Order Under Prob C §3413  2.41
      • 2.  Procedure  2.42
      • 3.  Form: Petition for Order Directing Deposit or Investment of Funds  2.43
      • 4.  Form: Order Directing Deposit or Investment of Funds  2.44
  • V.  COMPROMISE OF MINOR’S DISPUTED CLAIM AND COURT APPROVAL OF COMPROMISE (PROB C §§3600–3612)
    • A.  Who May Compromise Disputed Claim  2.45
    • B.  Ethical Dilemmas  2.46
    • C.  Petition for Court Approval
      • 1.  Filing the Petition  2.47
      • 2.  Attendance at Hearing; Order; Implementation of Order  2.48
      • 3.  Attorney Fees  2.49
    • D.  Distribution of Proceeds
      • 1.  Consider Yield, Liquidity, and Income Tax Consequences  2.50
      • 2.  Effective Use of Structured Settlement
        • a.  Definition; Income Tax Consequences  2.51
        • b.  Funding Approaches  2.52
      • 3.  Options if There Is No Guardianship  2.53
        • a.  Blocked Account  2.54
        • b.  Single-Premium Deferred Annuity  2.55
        • c.  Distribution to Custodian on Court’s Terms  2.56
        • d.  Distribution to Parent as Trustee  2.57
        • e.  Transfer to CUTMA Account  2.58
        • f.  Transfer to County Treasurer  2.59
        • g.  Special Needs Trust and Statutory Minor’s Trust
          • (1)  When Appropriate; Prerequisites  2.60
          • (2)  Petitioner, Notice of Hearing  2.61
          • (3)  Court Order  2.62
          • (4)  Purposes for Which Trust Assets May Be Used  2.63
          • (5)  Medi-Cal’s Estate Recovery Rights  2.64
          • (6)  Funding Special Needs Trust With Minor’s Inheritance  2.65
          • (7)  Statutory Minor’s Trust  2.66
          • (8)  Choice of Trustee  2.67
      • 4.  When Guardianship of Estate Exists  2.68

3

Jurisdiction; Venue; Transfer of Personal Property to Foreign Jurisdiction

Don Edward Green

  • I.  JURISDICTION
    • A.  Jurisdiction of Probate Court
      • 1.  Basis of Jurisdiction  3.1
      • 2.  Scope of Jurisdiction  3.2
      • 3.  Jurisdictional Limits: Medical Treatments  3.3
      • 4.  Notice Requirements  3.4
      • 5.  Branch Courts Within County  3.5
    • B.  Jurisdictional Aspects of Notice
      • 1.  Statutory Requirements  3.6
      • 2.  Due Process Requirements  3.7
      • 3.  Obtaining Jurisdiction  3.8
      • 4.  Service Not Always Jurisdictional Prerequisite  3.9
  • II.  VENUE  3.10
    • A.  Resident Minor  3.11
    • B.  Nonresident Minor  3.12
    • C.  Guardianship Proceedings in Multiple Counties  3.13
    • D.  Change of Venue
      • 1.  Petitioning for Transfer of Proceedings  3.14
        • a.  Contents of Petition  3.15
        • b.  Notice  3.16
        • c.  Form: Petition to Transfer Proceedings to Another County (Prob C §2211)  3.17
      • 2.  Objecting to or Supporting Transfer
        • a.  Making Objections or Supporting Petition  3.18
        • b.  Form: Objections to or Declarations in Support of Petition to Transfer Proceedings (Prob C §2215(a))  3.19
      • 3.  Form: Order Granting or Denying Transfer of Proceedings to Another County (Prob C §2215(b))  3.20
      • 4.  Transfer of Records by Court Clerk  3.21
      • 5.  Court Actions Following Transfer  3.21A
  • III.  TRANSFER OF PERSONAL PROPERTY TO ANOTHER STATE OR COUNTRY
    • A.  When Petition to Transfer Personal Property to Foreign Jurisdiction May Be Used  3.22
    • B.  Who May Petition  3.23
    • C.  Contents of Petition  3.24
      • 1.  Information About Foreign Guardian  3.25
      • 2.  Assets to Be Transferred  3.26
      • 3.  Pending Actions Against Guardian, Minor, or Estate  3.27
    • D.  Form: Petition for Transfer of Personal Property to Another Jurisdiction (Prob C §2803)  3.28
    • E.  Verification
      • 1.  Requirements  3.29
      • 2.  Form: Verification by Declaration  3.30
    • F.  Notice and Service of Petition  3.31
    • G.  Objections to Petition  3.32
    • H.  Required Findings  3.33
    • I.  Form: Order for Transfer of Personal Property to Another Jurisdiction (Prob C §2806)  3.34
    • J.  Transfer to Another State or Country  3.35
    • K.  Terminating California Proceedings  3.36

4

Notice

Oliver Greenwood

E. Joan Nelms

  • I.  INTRODUCTION  4.1
  • II.  TIME FOR GIVING NOTICE  4.2
  • III.  SERVICE
    • A.  Manner of Service
      • 1.  Available Methods  4.3
      • 2.  Methods Authorized by Court  4.4
      • 3.  Personal Delivery (CCP §415.10)  4.5
      • 4.  Service by Mail and Acknowledgment of Receipt: CCP §415.30
        • a.  Statutory Requirements  4.6
        • b.  Practical Problems in Use of Acknowledgment of Receipt  4.7
      • 5.  Substituted Service (CCP §415.20)  4.8
      • 6.  Service by Publication (CCP §415.50)  4.9
      • 7.  Form: Application for Order Authorizing Service by Publication: CCP §415.50  4.10
      • 8.  Service Outside California (CCP §415.40)  4.11
    • B.  When Notice Is Deemed Complete  4.12
    • C.  Waiver of Notice
      • 1.  When and How to Obtain  4.13
      • 2.  Form: Waiver of Notice  4.14
    • D.  Proof of Service
      • 1.  Methods of Proof  4.15
      • 2.  Form: Proof of Service of Summons (Judicial Council Form POS-010)  4.16
      • 3.  Form: Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt (Judicial Council Form POS-015)  4.17
      • 4.  Form: Declaration (or Affidavit) of Service by Return Receipt Mail to Person Outside California: CCP §415.40  4.18
  • IV.  NOTICE BY MAIL
    • A.  When Notice by Mail Is Required  4.19
    • B.  Persons Entitled to Receive Notice by Mail  4.20
      • 1.  Notice to Surety  4.21
      • 2.  Notice to Minor  4.22
    • C.  Proceedings in Which Prob C §1460 Mailing Is Required  4.23
    • D.  Mailing Requirements  4.24
    • E.  Proof of Mailing
      • 1.  Methods of Proof of Mailing  4.25
      • 2.  Form: Declaration (or Affidavit) of Service by Mail: Prob C §1261; CCP §1013a  4.26
    • F.  What Must Be Sent  4.27
    • G.  Judicial Council Form Must Be Used  4.28
    • H.  Failure to Give Notice by Mail  4.29
  • V.  NOTICE BY FAX TRANSMISSION  4.29A
  • VI.  NOTICE BY ELECTRONIC MEANS  4.29B
  • VII.  POSTING  4.30
  • VIII.  COURT’S LATITUDE IN NOTICE REQUIREMENTS  4.31
    • A.  Authority to Shorten or Lengthen Time or to Expand or Modify Number of Required Recipients  4.32
    • B.  Authority to Prescribe Notice  4.33
      • 1.  Form: Application for Order Prescribing Notice  4.34
      • 2.  Form: Order Prescribing Notice (Probate) (Judicial Council Form DE-200, GC-022)  4.35
      • 3.  Form: Order Shortening Time  4.36
    • C.  Authority to Dispense With Notice  4.37
    • D.  Form: Order Dispensing With Notice—Guardianship or Conservatorship (Judicial Council Form GC-021)  4.38
  • IX.  REQUEST FOR SPECIAL NOTICE
    • A.  Who May Request Special Notice  4.39
    • B.  Procedure  4.40
    • C.  Effectiveness of Request  4.41
    • D.  Failure to Give Special Notice Requires Continuance or Resetting  4.42
    • E.  Preparation of Judicial Council Form  4.43
    • F.  Form: Request for Special Notice (Probate) (Judicial Council Form DE-154, GC-035)  4.44
    • G.  Form: Waiver of Special Notice  4.45
    • H.  Recitals on Ex Parte Applications  4.46
  • X.  NOTICE TO INTERESTED PUBLIC ENTITIES
    • A.  State Hospitals  4.47
    • B.  Veterans Administration  4.48
    • C.  Director of Regional Center for Developmentally Disabled  4.49

5

Starting Guardianship Proceedings

Don Edward Green

  • I.  INTRODUCTION  5.1
  • II.  JUDICIAL COUNCIL FORMS
    • A.  Use of Official Forms Required  5.2
    • B.  Use of Attachments  5.3
  • III.  PREPARING THE PAPERS
    • A.  Form: Petition for Appointment of Guardian of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-210)  5.4
      • 1.  Heading and Caption  5.5
      • 2.  Prayer (Item 1)  5.6
        • a.  Multiple Minors [Deleted]  5.7
        • b.  Bond (Item 1c)  5.8
        • c.  Independent Powers (Item 1d)  5.9
        • d.  Powers and Duties of Guardian of the Person (Item 1e)  5.10
        • e.  Order Dispensing With Notice (Item 1f)  5.11
        • f.  Other Orders (Item 1g)  5.12
      • 3.  Allegations
        • a.  Name and Date of Birth (Item 2)  5.13
        • b.  Guardianship Petition—Child Information Attachment (GC-210 (CA))  5.14
        • c.  Qualification of Petitioner (Item 3)  5.15
        • d.  Identity and Qualification of Proposed Guardian (Item 4)  5.16
        • e.  Persons With Care or Custody [Deleted]  5.17
        • f.  Government Entities Entitled to Notice [Deleted]  5.18
        • g.  Public Assistance Benefits [Deleted]  5.19
        • h.  Other Potential Conflicting Proceedings [Deleted]  5.20
        • i.  Disclosure of Intent to Adopt (Item 5)  5.21
        • j.  Other Potential Conflicting Claims to Appointment (Item 6)  5.22
        • k.  Value of Estate (Item 7)  5.23
        • l.  Grounds for Appointment (Item 8)  5.24
        • m.  Independent Powers (Item 9)  5.25
        • n.  Dispensing With Notice to Certain People (Item 10)  5.26
        • o.  Nonrelative Proposed Guardian; Requirements and Allegations (Item 11)  5.27
        • p.  Declaration Under UCCJEA (Item 12)  5.28
        • q.  Other Documents Filed With Petition (Item 13)  5.29
        • r.  Relatives Entitled to Notice [Deleted]  5.30
        • s.  Administrative Provisions (Item 14)  5.31
        • t.  Signatures and Verification  5.32
    • B.  Form: Petition for Appointment of Guardian of the Person (Judicial Council Form GC-210(P))  5.32A
    • C.  Form: Consent of Proposed Guardian, Nomination of Guardian, and Consent to Appointment of Guardian and Waiver of Notice (Judicial Council Form GC-211)  5.33
    • D.  Preparation of Consent of Proposed Guardian, Nomination of Guardian, and Consent to Appointment of Guardian and Waiver of Notice (Judicial Council Form GC-211)  5.34
    • E.  Form: Declaration Under Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (UCCJEA) (Judicial Council Form FL-105/GC-120)  5.35
    • F.  Form: Attachment to Declaration Under Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (UCCJEA) (Judicial Council Form FL-105(A)/GC-120(A))  5.35A
    • G.  Form: Confidential Guardian Screening Form (Probate Guardianship) (Judicial Council Form GC-212)  5.36
    • H.  Form: Guardianship Petition—Child Information Attachment (Judicial Council Form GC-210(CA))  5.36A
    • I.  Form: Declaration of Private Professional Guardian Concerning Qualifications for Appointment (Judicial Council Form GC-005) [Deleted]  5.36B
    • J.  Form: Professional Fiduciary Attachment (Judicial Council Form GC-210(A-PF))  5.36C
    • K.  Form: Request to Waive Court Fees (Judicial Council Form FW-001-GC)  5.36D
    • L.  Form: Request to Waive Additional Court Fees (Superior Court) (Judicial Council Form FW-002-GC)  5.36E
    • M.  Form: Order on Court Fee Waiver (Superior Court) (Judicial Council Form FW-003-GC)  5.36F
  • IV.  PROCEDURE
    • A.  Setting Petition for Hearing  5.37
    • B.  Investigation Reports  5.38
      • 1.  Investigations Under Prob C §1513(a)  5.38A
      • 2.  Investigations Under Prob C §1516  5.38B
      • 3.  Investigations Under Prob C §1543  5.38C
      • 4.  Investigations Under Prob C §1513(b)  5.38D
      • 5.  Investigations Under Prob C §1461.4  5.38E
    • C.  Notice Required  5.39
      • 1.  Personal Service  5.40
      • 2.  Service by Mail  5.41
      • 3.  Waiver of Notice; Dispensing With Notice  5.42
      • 4.  Use of Judicial Council Form of Order Dispensing With Notice  5.43
    • D.  Form: Notice of Hearing—Guardianship or Conservatorship (Judicial Council Form GC-020)  5.44
    • E.  Requirements Under the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) [Deleted]  5.45
      • 1.  Notice [Deleted]  5.46
      • 2.  Substantive Requirements [Deleted]  5.47
    • F.  Evaluations Under Evid C §730  5.48
    • G.  Use of Alternative Dispute Resolution Proceedings  5.49
    • H.  Preparation for Trial  5.50
  • V.  THE HEARING
    • A.  Who Must Be, and Who May Be, Present  5.51
      • 1.  Petitioner  5.52
      • 2.  Minor  5.53
      • 3.  Proposed Guardian  5.54
      • 4.  Investigators  5.55
    • B.  Rules Governing Court’s Determination; Proof at Hearing  5.56
      • 1.  Guardian of the Person  5.57
      • 2.  Evidence When Deciding Who Will Be Guardian of the Person  5.58
      • 3.  Guardian of the Estate  5.59
      • 4.  Proof of Need for Appointment of Guardian of the Estate  5.60
      • 5.  Standard and Burden of Proof  5.61
    • C.  Reports to Court  5.62
    • D.  Uncontested Hearings
      • 1.  Noticed Hearing  5.63
      • 2.  Ex Parte Hearing  5.64
    • E.  Contested Hearings
      • 1.  Opposition to Petition  5.65
      • 2.  Form: Objections to Petition for Appointment of Guardian  5.66
      • 3.  Setting Contested Hearings  5.67
      • 4.  Right to Jury Trial; Motion for New Trial  5.68
      • 5.  Evidentiary Issues  5.69
        • a.  Deceased Parents’ Statements  5.70
        • b.  Investigation Reports  5.71
        • c.  Drug Testing  5.72
      • 6.  Counsel for Minor
        • a.  Discretionary Appointment  5.73
        • b.  Experience and Educational Requirements  5.73A
        • c.  Form: Certification of Attorney Concerning Qualifications for Court Appointment in Conservatorship or Guardianship (Judicial Council Form GC-010)  5.73B
        • d.  Form: Annual Certification of Court-Appointed Attorney (Judicial Council Form GC-011)  5.73C
        • e.  Role of Minor’s Counsel  5.74
        • f.  Compensation  5.74A
        • g.  No Court-Appointed Counsel for Minor’s Parents  5.75
      • 7.  Counsel for Petitioner or Objector  5.76
  • VI.  APPOINTMENT OF GUARDIAN
    • A.  Form: Order Appointing Guardian of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-240)  5.77
      • 1.  Caption and Information Concerning the Hearing (Items 1a–1f)  5.78
      • 2.  Findings (Items 2–6)  5.79
      • 3.  Warning  5.80
      • 4.  Order (Items 7–15)  5.81
    • B.  Order Denying Petition for Appointment of Guardian  5.82
    • C.  Form: Order Denying Petition to Appoint Guardian  5.83
    • D.  Letters of Guardianship; Prerequisites  5.84
      • 1.  Form: Duties of Guardian (Probate) (Judicial Council Form GC-248)  5.85
      • 2.  Required Local Forms  5.86
      • 3.  Preparation of Letters of Guardianship  5.87
      • 4.  Form: Letters of Guardianship (Judicial Council Form GC-250)  5.88
    • E.  Advising Guardian of Duties
      • 1.  Guardian’s Understanding of Limitations on Actions Is Crucial  5.89
      • 2.  Form: Sample Letter to Guardian of Estate  5.90
    • F.  Change of Name of Guardian  5.91

5A

Guardianships Under Indian Child Welfare Act

Virginia M. George

  • I.  INTRODUCTION TO INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT (ICWA)  5A.1
    • A.  Children Covered by ICWA  5A.2
    • B.  Jurisdictional Issues  5A.3
    • C.  Tribal Rights  5A.4
    • D.  Placement of Child Under ICWA: Substantive Requirements and Constitutional Due Process  5A.5
  • II.  APPLICATION OF ICWA TO PROBATE GUARDIANSHIPS OF THE PERSON  5A.6
  • III.  INQUIRY WHETHER CHILD IS INDIAN CHILD
    • A.  Duty to Inquire About Proposed Ward’s Indian Ancestry  5A.7
    • B.  Probable Cause to Believe Child Is Indian Child  5A.8
  • IV.  NOMINATION OF GUARDIAN  5A.9
  • V.  NOTICE UNDER ICWA  5A.10
    • A.  When Notice Is Required Under ICWA  5A.11
    • B.  Who Is Entitled to Notice Under ICWA  5A.12
    • C.  Form and Delivery of Notice Under ICWA; Use of Judicial Council Forms  5A.13
    • D.  Content of Notice Under ICWA  5A.14
    • E.  Implications of Failure to Provide Proper ICWA Notice  5A.15
      • 1.  Invalidation of Proceedings  5A.16
      • 2.  Limited Reversal of Judgment  5A.17
      • 3.  Harmless Error  5A.18
      • 4.  Tribal Waiver of Defective Notice  5A.19
  • VI.  INTERESTED PARTIES IN ICWA GUARDIANSHIP PROCEEDINGS  5A.20
  • VII.  TEMPORARY GUARDIANSHIP  5A.21
  • VIII.  GUARDIANSHIP APPOINTMENT HEARING
    • A.  Standard of Proof  5A.22
    • B.  Placement of Child  5A.23
  • IX.  TERMINATION OF GUARDIANSHIP  5A.24
  • X.  RESOURCES  5A.25

5B

Special Immigrant Juvenile Status

Jayne Chong-Soon Lee

Leslie Parrish

Corby Sturges

  • I.  INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL IMMIGRANT JUVENILE STATUS  5B.1
    • A.  Eligibility for SIJ Status  5B.2
      • 1.  Age Requirement  5B.3
      • 2.  Underlying Custody Order  5B.4
      • 3.  Parental Reunification Not Viable Due to Abuse, Abandonment, Neglect, or Similar Basis  5B.5
        • a.  Abuse, Abandonment, Neglect, or Similar Basis  5B.6
        • b.  Lack of Viability of Reunification With One or Both Parents  5B.7
      • 4.  Returning to Country of Origin Not in Child’s Best Interest  5B.8
    • B.  Procedure for Requesting SIJ Findings  5B.9
      • 1.  Notice  5B.10
      • 2.  Guardianship for Persons 18 Years or Older  5B.11
    • C.  Immigration Stage  5B.12
  • II.  PREPARING THE PAPERS  5B.13
    • A.  Form: Petition for Appointment of Guardian of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-210)  5B.14
      • 1.  Item 1  5B.15
      • 2.  Item 8  5B.16
      • 3.  Item 13  5B.17
      • 4.  Signature  5B.18
    • B.  Form: Petition for Appointment of Guardian of the Person (Judicial Council Form GC-210(P))  5B.19
      • 1.  Item 4  5B.20
      • 2.  Item 11  5B.21
      • 3.  Signature  5B.22
    • C.  Form: Petition to Extend Guardianship of the Person (Judicial Council Form GC-210(PE))  5B.23
      • 1.  Item 4  5B.24
      • 2.  Item 8  5B.25
      • 3.  Item 9: Signature  5B.26
    • D.  Form: Order Appointing Guardian or Extending Guardianship of the Person (Judicial Council Form GC-240)  5B.27
      • 1.  Item 4  5B.28
      • 2.  Item 6  5B.29
    • E.  Form: Letters of Guardianship (Judicial Council Form GC–250)  5B.30
      • 1.  Item 2  5B.31
      • 2.  Item 5  5B.32
    • F.  Form: Petition for Special Immigrant Juvenile Findings (Judicial Council Form GC-220)  5B.33
      • 1.  Caption  5B.34
      • 2.  Petitioner  5B.35
      • 3.  Item 1  5B.36
      • 4.  Item 2  5B.37
      • 5.  Items 3 and 4  5B.38
      • 6.  Item 5  5B.39
      • 7.  Item 6  5B.40
      • 8.  Item 7  5B.41
    • G.  Form: Special Immigrant Juvenile Findings (Judicial Council Form FL-357/GC-224/JV-357)  5B.42
      • 1.  Item 1  5B.43
      • 2.  Item 2  5B.44
      • 3.  Item 4  5B.45
      • 4.  Item 5  5B.46
      • 5.  Item 6  5B.47
  • III.  RESOURCES  5B.48

6

Temporary Guardianships

Judith A. Williams

  • I.  INTRODUCTION
    • A.  When Temporary Guardianship Is Appropriate  6.1
    • B.  Grounds for Appointment  6.2
    • C.  When Parents Have Physical Custody or Demand Return of Minor  6.2A
    • D.  Duration of Temporary Guardianship  6.3
  • II.  APPOINTMENT OF TEMPORARY GUARDIAN
    • A.  Required Forms  6.4
    • B.  Petition for Appointment
      • 1.  Jurisdiction  6.5
      • 2.  When Petition May Be Filed  6.6
      • 3.  Who May Petition  6.7
      • 4.  Choosing Proposed Guardian  6.8
      • 5.  Preparing the Petition  6.9
      • 6.  Form: Petition for Appointment of Temporary Guardian (Judicial Council Form GC-110)  6.10
      • 7.  Form: Petition for Appointment of Temporary Guardian of the Person (Judicial Council Form GC-110(P))  6.10A
      • 8.  When Petition May Be Granted Ex Parte [Deleted]  6.11
      • 9.  Notice of Petition for Appointment  6.12
      • 10.  Good Cause Exception to Notice
        • a.  What Constitutes “Good Cause”  6.12A
        • b.  Contents of Request for Good Cause Exception to Notice  6.12B
        • c.  Relief Available Under “Good Cause” Exception  6.12C
        • d.  Post-Appointment Hearing for Reconsideration  6.12D
      • 11.  Requesting Specific Powers That Require Notice  6.13
      • 12.  Filing Proof of Service  6.14
      • 13.  Form: Proof of Personal Service of Notice of Hearing—Guardianship or Conservatorship (Judicial Council Form GC-020(P))  6.14A
    • C.  Investigations  6.15
    • D.  Order Appointing Temporary Guardian
      • 1.  Preparing the Order  6.16
      • 2.  Form: Order Appointing Temporary Guardian (Judicial Council Form GC-140)  6.17
    • E.  Letters of Guardianship
      • 1.  Bond Requirements  6.18
      • 2.  Preparing Letters and Order  6.19
      • 3.  Form: Letters of Temporary Guardianship or Conservatorship (Judicial Council Form GC-150)  6.20
      • 4.  Form: Notice of Taking Possession or Control of an Asset of Minor or Conservatee (Judicial Council Form GC-050)  6.20A
      • 5.  Form: Notice of Opening or Changing a Guardianship or Conservatorship Account or Safe-Deposit Box (Judicial Council Form GC-051)  6.20B
    • F.  Obtaining Certified Copies of Order and Letters  6.21
    • G.  Appealing Order Granting Letters  6.22
  • III.  POWERS AND DUTIES OF TEMPORARY GUARDIAN
    • A.  In General  6.23
    • B.  Temporary Guardian of the Person  6.24
    • C.  Temporary Guardian of the Estate
      • 1.  Scope of Powers  6.25
      • 2.  Assets and Income  6.26
        • a.  Account Statements [Deleted]  6.27
        • b.  Verification of How Title Is Held to Accounts [Deleted]  6.28
        • c.  Minor’s Capacity to Contract [Deleted]  6.29
      • 3.  Inventory and Appraisal  6.30
  • IV.  TERMINATION OF TEMPORARY GUARDIANSHIP
    • A.  Terminating Events  6.31
    • B.  Removal of Temporary Guardian  6.32
    • C.  Delivery of Temporary Estate  6.33
    • D.  Accounting on Termination
      • 1.  Requirements  6.34
      • 2.  Content and Preparation of the Account  6.35
      • 3.  Form: Final Account of Temporary Guardian  6.36
      • 4.  Form: Order Settling Account  6.37
      • 5.  Notice of Account  6.38

7

Court Investigations and Reports

Leonard Thomas Adamiak

Dee Dee Blackwood

  • I.  INTRODUCTION  7.1
  • II.  ROLE OF COURT INVESTIGATOR  7.2
  • III.  INVESTIGATION BEFORE APPOINTMENT OF GUARDIAN OR SUCCESSOR GUARDIAN  7.3
    • A.  Waiver of Investigation  7.4
    • B.  Agency Responsible for Investigation  7.5
      • 1.  Chart: Directory of California Court Investigators’ Offices  7.6
      • 2.  Chart: Directory of Investigative Agencies When Proposed Guardian Is Not Relative  7.7
    • C.  Information Provided to Investigating Agency  7.8
    • D.  Contested Guardianships  7.9
    • E.  Investigative Reports  7.10
    • F.  Referral if Child Falls Under Welf & I C §300  7.11
    • G.  Assessment of Investigation Costs  7.12
  • IV.  SCREENING OF PROPOSED GUARDIAN OF THE PERSON  7.13
  • V.  INVESTIGATIONS IN GUARDIANSHIPS OF DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED MINORS  7.14
  • VI.  INVESTIGATION IN GUARDIANSHIP PROCEEDING TO HAVE CHILD DECLARED FREE FROM CUSTODY AND CONTROL OF ONE OR BOTH PARENTS  7.15
  • VII.  REVIEW INVESTIGATIONS  7.16

8

Bonds

John S. Rough

  • I.  WHEN BOND IS REQUIRED
    • A.  General Rules  8.1
    • B.  Waivers and Exceptions  8.2
    • C.  Procedure for Filing Bonds  8.2A
  • II.  JOINT BONDS
    • A.  Joint Guardians  8.3
    • B.  Multiple Minors  8.4
  • III.  AMOUNT OF BOND  8.5
  • IV.  SUBSTITUTES FOR BOND ISSUED BY ADMITTED SURETY INSURER
    • A.  Individual Sureties  8.6
    • B.  Deposit in Lieu of Surety  8.7
  • V.  CONTROL BY SURETY  8.8
  • VI.  DECREASING AMOUNT OF BOND BY DEPOSIT IN BLOCKED ACCOUNT  8.9
    • A.  Practical Considerations  8.10
    • B.  When Deposit Is to Be Made  8.11
    • C.  Form: Depository Receipt and Agreement   8.12
    • D.  Allegations to Authorize Blocked Accounts in Petition for Appointment of Guardian  8.13
      • 1.  Form: Allegation When Assets on Deposit Before Hearing  8.14
      • 2.  Form: Allegation When Assets to be Deposited After Hearing  8.15
      • 3.  Form: Allegation Concerning Income From Deposited Property  8.16
    • E.  Orders Approving Blocked Accounts
      • 1.  Form: Attachment to Order Appointing Guardian of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-240) When Bond Reduced by Previously Deposited Assets if Receipt and Agreement on File  8.17
      • 2.  Form: Attachment to Order Appointing Guardian of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-240) When Assets to Be Deposited  8.18
      • 3.  Form: Order to Deposit Money Into Blocked Account (Judicial Council Form MC-355)  8.18A
      • 4.  Form: Receipt and Acknowledgment of Order for the Deposit of Money Into Blocked Account (Judicial Council Form MC-356)  8.18B
    • F.  Withdrawals
      • 1.  Form: Order Permitting Withdrawals  8.19
      • 2.  Form: Petition for Withdrawal of Funds From Blocked Account (Judicial Council Form MC-357)  8.19A
      • 3.  Form: Order for Withdrawal of Funds From Blocked Account (Judicial Council Form MC-358)  8.19B
  • VII.  DECREASING AMOUNT OF BOND AFTER APPOINTMENT AND QUALIFICATION  8.20
    • A.  Form: Petition for Reduction of Bond  8.21
    • B.  Contents of Order  8.22
    • C.  Form: Order Reducing Bond  8.23
  • VIII.  INCREASING AMOUNT OF BOND  8.24
    • A.  Events Making Increase Necessary or Appropriate  8.25
    • B.  Procedure  8.26
    • C.  Form: Ex Parte Application to Increase Bond  8.27
    • D.  Form: Ex Parte Order Increasing Bond  8.28
    • E.  Sanctions  8.29
  • IX.  SURETIES
    • A.  Release and Substitution  8.30
    • B.  Liability  8.31
    • C.  Who May Sue: Period of Limitations  8.32

9

First Steps of Administration; Inventory and Appraisal

Kathryn M. Murphy

  • I.  INTRODUCTION
    • A.  Guardian’s Initial Acts  9.1
    • B.  Temporary Guardian  9.2
  • II.  TAKING CONTROL
    • A.  By Guardian of the Person and Guardian of the Estate
      • 1.  Establishing the Residence  9.3
      • 2.  Minor’s Use of Personal Property  9.4
      • 3.  Automobiles  9.5
    • B.  By Guardian of Estate
      • 1.  Ascertaining and Protecting Assets
        • a.  Ascertaining Assets  9.6
        • b.  Title to Assets  9.7
        • c.  Joint Tenancy  9.8
        • d.  Safe-Deposit Boxes  9.9
        • e.  Securities  9.10
        • f.  Tangible Personal Property  9.11
        • g.  Miscellaneous Benefits and Insurance Policies  9.12
      • 2.  Examination of Persons About Estate Property
        • a.  Examination Under Prob C §2616  9.13
          • (1)  Petition for Examination  9.14
          • (2)  Costs  9.15
          • (3)  Cited Person’s Failure to Appear Is Ground for Contempt  9.16
          • (4)  Form: Petition for Examination of Person About Estate Property  9.17
          • (5)  Form: Citation—Probate (Probate—Decedents’ Estates and Guardianships and Conservatorships (Judicial Council Form DE-122/GC-322))  9.18
        • b.  Accounting Under Prob C §2619  9.19
      • 3.  Taking Action to Recover Assets
        • a.  Necessity for Petitioning for Instructions or Requesting Additional Power  9.20
        • b.  Preparing Petition for Instructions and Giving Notice  9.21
        • c.  Form: Petition for Instructions to Commence Suit or Prosecute Under Prob C §850  9.22
        • d.  Hearing on Petition; Order  9.23
        • e.  Form: Order Instructing Guardian to Commence or Prosecute Suit Under Prob C §850  9.24
  • III.  TAKING INVENTORY
    • A.  Purposes of Inventory and Appraisal  9.25
    • B.  Differences Between Inventories and Appraisals in Guardianships and Probate Estates  9.25A
    • C.  Who Appraises Assets
      • 1.  The Guardian  9.26
      • 2.  Court-Appointed Referee
        • a.  Appointment  9.27
        • b.  Waiver of Referee  9.28
        • c.  Preparations for Submitting Inventory and Appraisal Form to Referee  9.29
        • d.  Sale of Personal Property Before Appraisal  9.30
      • 3.  Expert Appraisers
        • a.  Purpose of Expert Appraiser  9.31
        • b.  Specific Uses of Expert Appraiser  9.32
      • 4.  Public Guardian  9.33
    • D.  Use of Attachments to Inventory and Appraisal  9.34
    • E.  Date of Valuation  9.35
    • F.  Bond Requirement  9.36
    • G.  Forms
      • 1.  Form: Inventory and Appraisal (Judicial Council Form DE-160/GC-040)  9.37
      • 2.  Form: Inventory and Appraisal Attachment (Judicial Council Form DE-161, GC-041)  9.38
      • 3.  Form: Sample Listing of Assets for Attachments to Inventory and Appraisal  9.39
      • 4.  Form: Notice of Filing Inventory and Appraisal and How to Object to the Inventory or the Appraised Value of Property (Judicial Council Form GC-042)  9.39A
      • 5.  Form: Objections to Inventory of Conservator or Guardian (Judicial Council Form GC-045)  9.39B
    • H.  Description of Assets
      • 1.  Listing Assets  9.40
      • 2.  Cash in Minor’s Possession  9.41
      • 3.  Other Cash Items  9.42
      • 4.  Bank and Savings and Loan Accounts  9.43
      • 5.  Assets With CUSIP Numbers  9.44
        • a.  Bonds  9.45
        • b.  Stocks  9.46
      • 6.  Promissory Notes and Loans  9.47
      • 7.  Real Property  9.48
        • a.  Leases  9.49
        • b.  Water Company Stock Appurtenant to Land  9.50
      • 8.  Mineral Interests and Royalties
        • a.  Types of Rights and Valuations  9.51
        • b.  Mineral Interests  9.52
        • c.  Mineral Leases  9.53
        • d.  Royalty Interests  9.54
      • 9.  Business Interests  9.55
      • 10.  Life Insurance  9.56
      • 11.  Trust Assets  9.57
      • 12.  Jointly Owned Interests
        • a.  Joint Tenancy  9.58
        • b.  Tenancy in Common  9.59
      • 13.  Other Items  9.60
    • I.  Property Excluded From Inventory
      • 1.  Wages of Minor  9.61
      • 2.  Out-of-State Real Property  9.62
      • 3.  Assets Not Converted to Guardian’s Control  9.63
      • 4.  Worthless Stocks  9.64
  • IV.  FILING INVENTORY AND APPRAISAL
    • A.  Time for Filing  9.65
    • B.  Filing and Notice Procedures
      • 1.  Statutory Requirements  9.66
      • 2.  Form: Notice of How to File Objections to Appraisal [Deleted]  9.66A
    • C.  Changes in Filed Inventory
      • 1.  Corrected Inventory  9.67
      • 2.  Supplemental Inventory  9.68
    • D.  Disputes Over Appraisals  9.69
    • E.  Effect of Failure to File  9.70

10

Duties and Powers of Guardians: An Overview

Mary K. Vo

Jennifer Thaete

  • I.  INTRODUCTION  10.1
  • II.  GENERAL GUARDIANSHIP ISSUES
    • A.  Relationship Between Guardian of Person and Guardian of Estate  10.2
    • B.  Guardian as Fiduciary
      • 1.  Duties of Guardian as Fiduciary  10.3
      • 2.  Removal for Violation of Fiduciary Duty  10.4
    • C.  Annual Status Report
      • 1.  Mandatory Report But Enforcement Uncertain  10.5
      • 2.  Form: Confidential Guardianship Status Report (Judicial Council Form GC-251)  10.6
    • D.  Multiple Guardians
      • 1.  Decision Making When Multiple Guardians Appointed  10.7
      • 2.  Liability of Co-Guardians of the Estate  10.8
      • 3.  When Joint Guardian Does Not or Cannot Serve
        • a.  Continuation of Powers in Remaining or Surviving Guardian  10.9
        • b.  Statutory Reasons for Authorizing Remaining or Surviving Guardian to Act  10.9A
      • 4.  Petition and Order for Authority of Remaining or Surviving Joint Guardian to Act Under Prob C §2105(e)
        • a.  Petition for Authority of Joint Guardian to Act Under Prob C §2105(e) and for Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship to Remaining or Surviving or Guardian; Notice  10.10
        • b.  Form: Ex Parte Petition for Authority of Joint Guardian to Act Under Prob C §2105(e) and for Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship to Remaining or Surviving Guardian  10.11
        • c.  Order Authorizing Remaining or Surviving Joint Guardian to Act Alone: Judicial Council Form or Attorney-Drafted Form?  10.11A
        • d.  Form: Order Authorizing Joint Guardian to Act and Directing Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship to Remaining or Surviving Guardian  10.12
      • 5.  When One Guardian Appointed for Minor’s Estate and Another for Particular Property  10.13
      • 6.  Multiple Guardians of Particular Property  10.14
    • E.  Guardian for More Than One Minor  10.15
    • F.  Obtaining Insurance  10.16
  • III.  GUARDIAN OF THE PERSON
    • A.  Powers and Duties  10.17
      • 1.  Statutory Powers and Limitations  10.18
      • 2.  Additional Duties and Responsibilities  10.19
      • 3.  No Duty to Financially Support Minor  10.20
    • B.  Guardian of the Person of Nonresident Minor  10.21
  • IV.  GUARDIAN OF THE ESTATE
    • A.  Powers and Duties
      • 1.  Duty of Good Faith and Fair Dealing  10.22
      • 2.  Duties of Ordinary Care and Diligence  10.23
      • 3.  Statutory Powers and Duties  10.24
      • 4.  Additional Duties and Responsibilities  10.25
    • B.  Common Conflict of Interest Issues in Estate Management
      • 1.  Specific Statutory Provisions  10.26
      • 2.  How to Avoid Conflicts  10.27
    • C.  Chart: Powers of Guardian of Estate  10.28
    • D.  Guardian of the Estate of Nonresident Minor  10.29
  • V.  PROFESSIONAL GUARDIANS
    • A.  Professional Fiduciary Regulation  10.30
    • B.  Professional Fiduciary Defined  10.31
    • C.  Qualification Requirements  10.32
    • D.  Educational Requirements  10.33

11

Duties and Powers of Guardians of the Person

Phillip Campbell

  • I.  GENERAL OBLIGATIONS OF GUARDIAN OF THE PERSON  11.1
    • A.  Custody of the Minor  11.2
    • B.  Education of the Minor  11.3
    • C.  Residence of the Minor  11.4
    • D.  Medical, Psychological, and Dental Treatment of the Minor  11.5
    • E.  Community Resources Available to the Minor  11.6
    • F.  Financial Support of the Minor  11.7
    • G.  Control of the Minor’s Social Contacts  11.8
    • H.  Driver’s License for the Minor  11.8A
    • I.  Enlistment in Armed Services  11.8B
    • J.  Marriage of the Minor  11.8C
    • K.  Change of Address  11.8D
    • L.  Court Visitors and Status Reports  11.8E
    • M.  Misconduct of the Minor  11.8F
    • N.  Additional Court Ordered Conditions  11.8G
    • O.  Termination of Guardianship of the Person  11.8H
  • II.  ESTABLISHING AND CHANGING MINOR’S PERSONAL RESIDENCE
    • A.  In California: Court Approval Generally Not Required to Establish Minor’s Personal Residence  11.9
    • B.  In California: Changing Minor’s Personal Residence  11.9A
      • 1.  Form: Pre-Move Notice of Proposed Change of Personal Residence of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-079)  11.9B
      • 2.  Form: Attachment to Pre-Move Notice of Proposed Change of Personal Residence of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-079(MA))  11.9C
    • C.  Outside California: Prior Court Approval Required
      • 1.  Statutory Distinction Between Change of Residence and Temporary Visit  11.10
      • 2.  Practical Considerations Regarding Court Approval  11.11
      • 3.  Petition for Court Approval  11.12
      • 4.  Form: Petition to Fix Residence Outside the State of California (Judicial Council Form GC-085)  11.13
      • 5.  Form: Order Fixing Residence Outside the State of California (Judicial Council Form GC-090)  11.14
    • D.  Post-Move Notice of Change of Minor’s Residence
      • 1.  Post-Move Notice of a Change of Minor’s Personal Residence  11.14A
      • 2.  Form: Post-Move Notice of Change of Residence (Judicial Council Form GC-080)  11.15
      • 3.  Form: Attachment to Post-Move Notice of Change of Residence (Judicial Council Form GC-080(MA))  11.15A
  • III.  MEDICAL TREATMENT OF MINOR
    • A.  Guardian’s General Authority to Consent to Medical Treatment  11.16
    • B.  Order for Specific Medical Treatment  11.17
    • C.  Appointment of Guardian When Parents Fail to Pursue Lifesaving Treatment  11.18
    • D.  Prohibited Medical Treatment
      • 1.  Placement in Locked Facility
        • a.  Involuntary Placement Prohibited  11.19
        • b.  Lanterman-Petris-Short Act  11.20
        • c.  Documenting Voluntary Placement  11.21
      • 2.  Experimental Drugs, Convulsive Electroshock Treatment, Sterilization  11.22
    • E.  Life-Sustaining Treatment  11.23
      • 1.  Right to Refuse Life-Sustaining Treatment  11.24
      • 2.  Life-Sustaining Treatment Issues in Guardianships  11.25
  • IV.  PETITION FOR INSTRUCTIONS, CONFIRMATION, OR APPROVAL  11.25A
  • V.  POWERS GRANTED TO NOMINATED GUARDIAN  11.26
  • VI.  SPECIAL IMMIGRANT JUVENILE STATUS [DELETED]  11.27
  • VII.  LIABILITY OF GUARDIAN FOR MINOR’S ACTS
    • A.  Liability for Failure to Control Minor  11.27A
    • B.  No Liability When Guardian Has No Right to Control Minor  11.27B
    • C.  Limit on Mandatory Damages  11.27C
  • VIII.  RULES REGARDING FIDUCIARY CONFLICTS OF INTEREST  11.27D
    • A.  Transactions With the Guardianship Estate  11.27E
    • B.  Transactions with Court Personnel  11.27F
    • C.  Referring to or Hiring a Business in Which Private Fiduciary Has Financial Interest  11.27G

12

Introduction to Duties and Powers of Guardians of the Estate

Mary K. Vo

Ruth A. Phelps

  • I.  BASIS OF AUTHORITY TO EXERCISE POWERS
    • A.  Powers Exercisable Without Prior Court Authorization or Grant of Independent Powers  12.1
    • B.  Powers Exercisable With Grant of Independent Powers  12.2
      • 1.  Validity of Actions Taken Under Grant of Independent Powers  12.3
      • 2.  Standard for Granting Independent Powers  12.4
      • 3.  Granting Independent Powers When Guardian Is Nominated  12.5
      • 4.  Limitations on Granting and Exercising Independent Powers  12.6
      • 5.  List of Independent Powers  12.7
      • 6.  Table: Policy and Practice of Various Counties in Granting Independent Powers  12.8
      • 7.  Petitioning for Grant of Independent Powers  12.9
        • a.  Form: Petition for Order Granting Independent Powers  12.10
        • b.  The Order  12.11
        • c.  Form: Order Granting Independent Powers to Guardian  12.12
      • 8.  Withdrawal or Subsequent Limitation of Independent Powers  12.13
        • a.  Form: Petition for Withdrawal or Limitation of Independent Powers  12.14
        • b.  Form: Order Withdrawing or Limiting Independent Powers  12.15
      • 9.  New Letters of Guardianship  12.16
    • C.  Petition for Instructions, Approval, or Confirmation  12.17
  • II.  DUTIES OF SUPPORT
    • A.  Support of Minor  12.18
    • B.  Support of Others  12.19
    • C.  Required Payments  12.20
    • D.  Determination of Amount of Support  12.21
    • E.  Court Orders Authorizing or Compelling Support  12.22
      • 1.  Petition for Advance Authorization to Use Estate Funds  12.23
        • a.  Use of Petition When Different Fiduciaries Are Involved  12.24
        • b.  Preparing the Petition; Notice  12.25
        • c.  Form: Petition for Authority to Expend Estate Money for Support and Maintenance  12.26
        • d.  The Order  12.27
        • e.  Form: Order Authorizing Guardian to Expend Estate Money for Support and Maintenance  12.28
      • 2.  Petition to Compel Guardian to Make Payments for Support, Maintenance, or Education  12.29
        • a.  When Prob C §2404 Petition May Be Appropriate  12.30
        • b.  Form: Petition for Order Directing Guardian to Furnish Support  12.31
        • c.  Form: Order Directing Guardian to Furnish Support  12.32
      • 3.  Petition for Support of Minor From Estate Despite Legal Obligation of Others  12.33
        • a.  Form: Petition for Order Authorizing or Directing Minor’s Support From Estate Despite Liability of Others  12.34
        • b.  Form: Order Authorizing or Directing Minor’s Support From Estate Despite Liability of Others  12.35
    • F.  Petition for Payment of Allowance to Minor for Personal Use  12.36
      • 1.  Method of Payment  12.37
      • 2.  Capacity to Contract for Purchase of Necessaries of Life  12.38
      • 3.  Consideration of Minor’s Wages  12.39
      • 4.  Form: Petition for Authority to Pay Minor Allowance for Personal Use  12.40
      • 5.  Form: Order Authorizing Payment of Allowance to Minor for Personal Use  12.41

13

Specific Issues in Estate Management

Mary K. Vo

Jennifer Thaete

  • I.  COLLECTION OR PAYMENT OF DEBTS
    • A.  Payment of Undisputed Debts Owed by Minor or by Estate
      • 1.  Debts Incurred Before Creation of Guardianship  13.1
      • 2.  Wage Claims for Work Done or Services Rendered Before Petition for Appointment Filed
        • a.  Priority of Wage Claims  13.2
        • b.  Payment of Undisputed Part of Claim  13.3
      • 3.  Debts Incurred by Minor After Creation of Guardianship
        • a.  Necessaries and Items Purchased  13.4
        • b.  Torts of Minor  13.5
      • 4.  Administration Expenses  13.6
      • 5.  Advances by Guardian  13.7
      • 6.  Creditors’ Remedies Under Prob C §2404  13.8
        • a.  Prohibition Against Execution Levy  13.9
        • b.  Payment of Interest  13.10
        • c.  Form: Petition for Order Directing Guardian to Pay Debt  13.11
        • d.  Notice  13.12
        • e.  Form: Order Directing Guardian to Pay Debt  13.13
    • B.  Disputed Claims Owed by Minor or by Estate
      • 1.  Wage Claims  13.14
      • 2.  Creditors’ Remedies  13.15
        • a.  Referral to Judge Pro Tem or Probate Judge, or Submission to Arbitration  13.16
        • b.  Specific Enforcement of Contracts to Convey Real or Personal Property  13.17
      • 3.  Compromise or Settlement  13.18
        • a.  Court Approval Required  13.19
        • b.  Proper Court for Approving Compromise or Settlement  13.20
        • c.  Petition for Court Approval; Order  13.21
        • d.  Form: Petition to Compromise Claim  13.22
        • e.  Form: Order Approving Compromise of Claim  13.23
    • C.  Source of Payment of Debts and Priority of Assets Used to Pay Debts  13.24
    • D.  Priority of Payment of Debts  13.25
    • E.  Petition for Instructions About Title to Assets and Priority of Assets Used to Pay Debts and Expenses  13.26
    • F.  Collection of Debts Owed to Minor or Minor’s Estate
      • 1.  Guardian May Collect  13.27
      • 2.  Possible Proceedings  13.28
    • G.  Property Claimed to Belong to Minor or Other Person
      • 1.  Transfer of Property Under Prob C §§850–859  13.29
      • 2.  Petitioner  13.30
      • 3.  Choice of Proceedings  13.31
      • 4.  Application for Receivership or Lis Pendens Pending Outcome  13.32
      • 5.  Notice  13.33
      • 6.  Denial or Abatement of Prob C §§850–859 Petition  13.34
      • 7.  Response by Way of Objections  13.35
      • 8.  Form: Petition for Order Authorizing and Directing Transfer of Property  13.36
      • 9.  Form: Order Authorizing and Directing Transfer of Property  13.37
      • 10.  Actions to Be Taken After Order Is Obtained  13.38
      • 11.  Effect of Order  13.39
  • II.  INVESTMENTS AND DEPOSITS
    • A.  Investments by Guardian
      • 1.  Standard of Care  13.40
      • 2.  Factors to Consider  13.41
      • 3.  Investments Requiring Court Authorization  13.42
        • a.  Probate Code §2570 Petition and Order  13.43
        • b.  Form: Petition for Authority to Invest Funds  13.44
        • c.  Form: Order Authorizing Guardian to Invest Funds  13.45
      • 4.  Problem of Statutory Limitations on Investment Options in Large Guardianship Estates  13.46
      • 5.  Investments Permitted Without Court Authorization  13.47
    • B.  Minor’s Money, Stocks, and Bonds
      • 1.  Cash Deposits
        • a.  Deposits Without Court Authorization  13.48
        • b.  Deposits Subject to Withdrawal Only With Court Authorization  13.49
        • c.  Financial Institution Must Inform the Court  13.50
      • 2.  Deposit of Minor’s Personal Property or Securities; Ownership of Corporate Shares  13.51
  • III.  SALES OR OTHER DISPOSITIONS
    • A.  General Rules
      • 1.  Authorized Purposes  13.52
      • 2.  Best Interests of Minor  13.52A
      • 3.  When Court Involvement Not Required  13.53
      • 4.  Required Disclosures; Prohibited Purchasers  13.54
      • 5.  Terms and Conduct of Sale; Use of Proceeds  13.55
      • 6.  Procedure for Sales  13.56
        • a.  Published or Posted Notice of Sale  13.57
        • b.  Shortening Time for Posted or Published Notice; Postponing Sales  13.58
        • c.  Notice of Hearing of Petition for Confirmation of Sale  13.59
    • B.  Sale of Securities  13.60
      • 1.  Preparation of the Judicial Council Form  13.61
      • 2.  Form: Ex Parte Petition for Authority to Sell Securities and Order (Judicial Council Form DE-270, GC-070)  13.62
    • C.  Sales of Tangible Personal Property  13.63
      • 1.  Use of Agents  13.64
      • 2.  Sales Without Notice, Court Approval, or Confirmation  13.65
      • 3.  Seeking Court Authorization Even if Not Required  13.66
      • 4.  Sales Requiring Notice, Court Approval, or Confirmation  13.67
        • a.  Sale by Public Auction  13.68
        • b.  Private Sale  13.69
      • 5.  Form: Ex Parte Petition for Approval of Sale of Personal Property and Order (Judicial Council Form DE-275, GC-075)  13.70
    • D.  Contract to Purchase  13.71
    • E.  Default on Sale by Purchaser; Resale  13.72
    • F.  Action of Minor to Recover Property Sold  13.73
    • G.  Valueless Property  13.74
  • IV.  REAL PROPERTY
    • A.  Purchase of Real Property  13.75
    • B.  Independent Power to Purchase Replacement Residence After Sale of Existing Residence  13.76
    • C.  Maintenance and Repairs; Toxic Waste Problem  13.77
    • D.  Sale of Real Property  13.78
      • 1.  Permissible Terms of Sale  13.79
      • 2.  Use of Brokers or Agents  13.80
        • a.  Ex Parte Application and Order for Exclusive Listing  13.81
        • b.  Commission to Be Determined by Court; Overbids  13.82
        • c.  Form: Ex Parte Application for Authority to Grant Exclusive Right to Sell Real Property  13.83
        • d.  Form: Order Authorizing Guardian to Grant Exclusive Right to Sell Real Property  13.84
      • 3.  Notice of Sale  13.85
      • 4.  Bid for Purchase of Real Property  13.86
      • 5.  Confirmation of Sale  13.87
        • a.  Overbids  13.88
        • b.  Preparation of Report of Sale and Petition for Order Confirming Sale of Real Property (Judicial Council Form DE-260/GC-060)
          • (1)  Manner and Terms of Sale (Item 4)  13.89
          • (2)  Commission (Item 5)  13.90
          • (3)  Other Items  13.91
        • c.  Form: Report of Sale and Petition for Order Confirming Sale of Real Property (Judicial Council Form DE-260/GC-060)  13.92
        • d.  The Hearing  13.93
        • e.  Preparation of Order Confirming the Sale of Real Property (Judicial Council Form DE-265/GC-065)  13.94
        • f.  Form: Order Confirming Sale of Real Property (Judicial Council Form DE-265/GC-065)  13.95
      • 6.  Transfer of Property  13.96
        • a.  Preparation of Guardian’s Deed  13.97
        • b.  Form: Guardian’s Deed Conveying Real Property  13.98
      • 7.  Defaulting Buyer; Action to Recover Property Sold  13.99
    • E.  Leases
      • 1.  When Court Authorization Not Required  13.100
      • 2.  When Court Authorization Required  13.101
        • a.  Other Offers Made at Hearing  13.102
        • b.  Form: Petition for Authority to Lease Real or Personal Property  13.103
        • c.  The Order  13.104
        • d.  Form: Order Authorizing Guardian to Lease Real or Personal Property  13.105
    • F.  Partition
      • 1.  Advisability  13.106
      • 2.  Court Supervision  13.107
      • 3.  Partition Action Brought by Guardian
        • a.  Form: Ex Parte Petition for Authority to Commence Partition Action  13.108
        • b.  Form: Ex Parte Order Authorizing Partition of Real or Personal Property  13.109
      • 4.  Partition by Agreement  13.110
        • a.  Form: Petition for Authority to Execute Partition Agreement of Real or Personal Property  13.111
        • b.  Form: Order Authorizing Execution of Partition Agreement of Real or Personal Property  13.112
    • G.  Acceptance of Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure  13.113
    • H.  Exchange of Property  13.114
      • 1.  The Petition and Notice  13.115
      • 2.  The Order and Its Effect  13.116
      • 3.  Form: Petition for Authority to Exchange Property  13.117
      • 4.  Form: Order Authorizing Exchange of Property  13.118
    • I.  Other Actions Involving Real Property  13.119
  • V.  BORROWING
    • A.  Permissible Purposes  13.120
    • B.  Borrowing Versus Selling  13.121
    • C.  Court Authorization Required  13.122
    • D.  Increase in Bond When Borrowing Money Secured by Mortgage or Deed of Trust  13.123
    • E.  Lenders’ Rights  13.124
  • VI.  INSURANCE  13.125

14

Accounting

Jennifer Thaete

  • I.  INITIAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • A.  When to Account
      • 1.  Periodic Accounts  14.1
      • 2.  Final Account  14.2
      • 3.  Account in Temporary Guardianship  14.2A
    • B.  When Account Is Not Required
      • 1.  Small Estates  14.3
      • 2.  Settlement When Minor Has Reached Majority  14.4
    • C.  Failure to File an Accounting
      • 1.  Accounting Deadlines  14.5
      • 2.  Effect of Failure to File Accounting  14.5A
    • D.  Guardian’s Collection of Data  14.6
    • E.  Tax Planning Issues  14.7
  • II.  REQUESTING ALLOWABLE EXPENSES  14.8
    • A.  Support and Maintenance Payments  14.9
    • B.  Miscellaneous Administrative Expenses  14.10
    • C.  Debts  14.11
    • D.  Fees for Guardian and Attorney  14.12
  • III.  PREPARING COURT ACCOUNT
    • A.  Contents of Account
      • 1.  All Accounts  14.13
      • 2.  Standard or Simplified Accounting  14.13A
        • a.  Judicial Council Account Forms  14.13B
        • b.  Standard Account Requirements  14.13C
        • c.  Standard Account Generally Easier to Prepare Than Simplified Account  14.13D
        • d.  Summary of Account  14.14
        • e.  Schedules
          • (1)  Required Schedules  14.15
          • (2)  Additional Schedules  14.16
          • (3)  Format of Schedules  14.17
        • f.  Other Required Information
          • (1)  Documents That Must Be Submitted With the Account  14.18
          • (2)  Other Possible Required Attachments  14.19
      • 3.  Final Account  14.20
    • B.  Contents of Petition  14.21
      • 1.  Description of Financial Transactions  14.22
      • 2.  Explanation of Unusual Items  14.23
      • 3.  Disclosure of Family or Affiliate Relationships  14.24
      • 4.  Allegations of Cash Investments  14.25
      • 5.  Request for Compensation  14.26
    • C.  Form: Petition to Approve Guardian’s Account  14.27
      • 1.  Introduction  14.28
      • 2.  Status of Estate: Summary of Account  14.29
      • 3.  Form: Summary of Account—Standard and Simplified Accounts (Judicial Council Form GC-400(SUM)/GC-405(SUM))  14.29A
      • 4.  Services of Guardian of Estate
        • a.  Details of Transactions During Account Period  14.30
        • b.  Description of Services  14.31
      • 5.  Attorney Fees  14.32
      • 6.  Guardian of Person  14.33
      • 7.  Notice  14.34
      • 8.  Verification  14.35
    • D.  Schedules for Categorized Account
      • 1.  Form: Schedule A: Receipts From Noncapital Items  14.36
        • a.  Only Noncapital Receipts Shown  14.37
        • b.  Stock Splits or Dividends; Reinvested Dividends; Additional Shares Acquired  14.38
        • c.  Recurring Income Items  14.39
      • 2.  Schedule B: Gains on Sales
        • a.  Form: Schedule B: Gains on Sales  14.40
        • b.  Treatment of Gains on Sales  14.41
      • 3.  Form: Schedule C: Disbursements  14.42
        • a.  Recurring Expense Items  14.43
        • b.  Recordkeeping to Support Expenditures  14.44
        • c.  Disbursements for Investments  14.45
        • d.  Allowance and Support Payments  14.46
        • e.  Real Estate Sales and Other Expenses  14.47
      • 4.  Form: Schedule D: Losses on Sales  14.48
      • 5.  Form: Schedule E: Property on Hand  14.49
        • a.  Separate Descriptions Required  14.50
        • b.  Carry Value Defined  14.51
      • 6.  Schedule F: Changes in the Form of Assets
        • a.  Form: Schedule F: Changes in the Form of Assets  14.52
        • b.  Transactions for Which Reporting Is Required  14.53
      • 7.  Schedule G: Liabilities
        • a.  Form: Schedule G: Liabilities  14.54
        • b.  Liabilities for Which Reporting Is Required  14.55
      • 8.  Additional Schedules  14.56
  • IV.  COMPLYING WITH NOTICE AND HEARING REQUIREMENTS
    • A.  Obtaining Hearing Date  14.57
    • B.  Giving Notice of Hearing  14.58
    • C.  Copies of Account  14.59
  • V.  OBJECTING TO ACCOUNT
    • A.  Objections  14.60
    • B.  Surcharging Guardian  14.61
    • C.  Fees on Contests  14.62
  • VI.  REVIEWING AND SETTLING ACCOUNT
    • A.  Contents of Order Settling Account and Report of Guardian, Allowing Fees  14.63
    • B.  Court’s Authority to Review Guardian’s Accounts, Books, and Records  14.63A
    • C.  Form: Order Settling Account and Report of Guardian, Allowing Fees  14.64

15

Compensation

Ruth A. Phelps

  • I.  INTRODUCTION  15.1
  • II.  GENERAL RULES APPLICABLE TO GUARDIANS AND ATTORNEYS
    • A.  Basis for Compensation Calculation  15.2
    • B.  Court Authorization Required  15.3
    • C.  When Compensation May Be Sought; Who May Petition  15.4
    • D.  Importance of Local Rules  15.5
    • E.  Requirement of Detailed Statement of Facts  15.6
    • F.  Fees on Account
      • 1.  Court’s Authority to Grant  15.7
      • 2.  Required Showing  15.8
      • 3.  Form: Petition for Order Authorizing Payment of Guardian’s Fees on Account  15.9
      • 4.  Form: Order Authorizing Payment of Guardian’s Fees on Account  15.10
    • G.  Fees When There Are Objections to Guardian’s Account  15.11
    • H.  Fees When Minor Has Died  15.12
    • I.  Tax Consequences  15.13
  • III.  GUARDIAN FEES
    • A.  Importance of Maintaining Time Records  15.14
    • B.  Guardian of the Person or Estate
      • 1.  Right to Compensation  15.15
      • 2.  “Just and Reasonable” Compensation  15.15A
    • C.  Guardian of the Person
      • 1.  When Compensation Is Appropriate  15.16
      • 2.  Amount of Fees  15.17
    • D.  Guardian of the Estate
      • 1.  When Compensation Is Appropriate  15.18
      • 2.  Considerations in Fee Awards  15.19
      • 3.  Fees Allowed at First Accounting  15.20
    • E.  Petition and Order Authorizing Payment of Fees to Guardian
      • 1.  Form: Petition for Order Authorizing Payment of Guardian’s Fees  15.21
      • 2.  Form: Order Authorizing Payment of Guardian’s Fees  15.22
    • F.  Professional Guardians  15.23
  • IV.  ATTORNEY FEES
    • A.  Attorney-Client Fee Agreements  15.24
      • 1.  Requirement of Written Agreement  15.25
      • 2.  Terms of Agreement  15.26
      • 3.  Form: Sample Clauses for Attorney-Client Fee Agreements  15.27
      • 4.  Types of Fee Agreements  15.28
    • B.  Court-Appointed Counsel for Minor  15.29
      • 1.  Practical Considerations; Local Rules and Policies  15.30
        • a.  When to Make the Fee Request
          • (1)  By Oral Request at Hearing on Appointment of Guardian  15.31
          • (2)  By Written Request in the Report or Petition at the Conclusion of the Matter  15.32
        • b.  Source of Payments Under the Statute  15.33
        • c.  Sources of Payment Other Than Those Provided in Statute  15.34
        • d.  Form: Petition for Attorney Fees Under Prob C §1470  15.35
        • e.  Form: Order Allowing Attorney Fees Under Prob C §1470  15.36
      • 2.  Discretionary Appointment Under Prob C §2620.2(c)(4)  15.37
    • C.  Counsel for Guardian  15.38
      • 1.  “Reasonable” Amount of Attorney Fees  15.39
      • 2.  Benefit to Minor  15.40
      • 3.  Attorney as Guardian  15.41
      • 4.  Form: Petition for Attorney Fees (Guardian’s Attorney)  15.42
      • 5.  Form: Order Allowing Attorney Fees (Guardian’s Attorney)  15.43
    • D.  Fees for Paralegal Work  15.44
  • V.  ISSUES IN COLLECTION OF FEES  15.45

16

Guardianship Termination

Don Edward Green

  • I.  INTRODUCTION
    • A.  Overview  16.1
    • B.  Reasons for Termination  16.2
    • C.  Continuing Jurisdiction of Court  16.3
  • II.  TERMINATION OF GUARDIAN’S STATUS
    • A.  Death of Guardian
      • 1.  Effect on Guardianship  16.4
      • 2.  Death of Joint Guardian  16.4A
        • a.  Continuation of Powers in Survivors [Deleted]  16.5
        • b.  Filing Petition [Deleted]  16.6
        • c.  Form: Ex Parte Petition for Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship to Surviving or Remaining Guardian(s) [Deleted]  16.7
        • d.  Order Directing Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship to Surviving or Remaining Guardian(s) [Deleted]  16.8
    • B.  Removal of Guardian
      • 1.  Grounds  16.9
      • 2.  Procedure
        • a.  Petition  16.10
        • b.  Form: Petition for Removal of Guardian and Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship  16.11
        • c.  Notice  16.12
        • d.  Hearing  16.13
        • e.  Order  16.14
        • f.  Form: Order Removing Guardian and Directing Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship  16.15
        • g.  Appeal  16.16
      • 3.  Suspension of Powers and Surrender of Estate Pending Hearing
        • a.  Court’s Authority; Petition  16.17
        • b.  Form: Ex Parte Petition for Order Suspending Guardian’s Powers, Appointing Temporary Guardian, and Directing Surrender of Estate  16.18
        • c.  Order Suspending Guardian’s Powers, Appointing Temporary Guardian, and Directing Surrender of Estate  16.19
    • C.  Resignation of Guardian
      • 1.  Guardian of Estate  16.20
      • 2.  Guardian of Person  16.21
    • D.  Filling Vacancy
      • 1.  Authority  16.22
      • 2.  Petition  16.23
      • 3.  Consent of Proposed Guardian, Nomination of Guardian, and Consent to Appointment of Guardian and Waiver of Notice (Judicial Council Form GC-211)  16.24
      • 4.  Order Appointing Guardian of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-240)  16.25
      • 5.  Amended Letters of Guardianship (for Successor Guardian) (Judicial Council Form GC-250)  16.26
      • 6.  Interim Appointment of Temporary Guardian  16.27
  • III.  TERMINATION OF PROCEEDINGS
    • A.  Minor’s Death, Attainment of Majority, Adoption, or Marriage
      • 1.  Guardianship of the Person  16.28
      • 2.  Guardianship of the Estate  16.29
      • 3.  Effect of Minor’s Death on Proceedings  16.30
    • B.  Termination by Court Order
      • 1.  Grounds
        • a.  Minor’s Best Interests  16.31
        • b.  Guardianship of the Person  16.32
        • c.  Termination of Parental Rights and Adoption  16.32A
        • d.  Guardianship of the Estate  16.33
          • (1)  Exhaustion of Guardianship Estate  16.34
          • (2)  Transfer of Assets to Foreign Fiduciary  16.35
      • 2.  Procedure
        • a.  Petition and Order for Termination  16.36
        • b.  Form: Petition for Termination of Guardianship (Judicial Council Form GC-255)  16.37
        • c.  Consolidation of Account; Petition for Termination of Guardianship  16.38
        • d.  Notice  16.39
        • e.  Objections to Petition  16.40
        • f.  Form: Order Terminating Guardianship (Judicial Council Form GC-260)  16.41
      • 3.  Suspension of Guardianship  16.41A
      • 4.  Visitation
        • a.  Visitation Orders  16.41B
        • b.  Filing and Mailing Visitation Orders  16.41C
        • c.  Post-Termination Visitation Orders if Parents Deceased
          • (1)  Guardianship Proceeding  16.41D
          • (2)  Venue  16.41E
  • IV.  ACCOUNTING ON TERMINATION
    • A.  Before Inventory Filed  16.42
    • B.  Continuing Duty of Guardian of Estate  16.43
    • C.  Minor’s Attainment of Majority
      • 1.  Accounting by Guardian Required  16.44
      • 2.  Waiver of Account by Former Minor  16.45
      • 3.  Form: Waiver of Account and Release of Guardian  16.46
    • D.  Death of Minor
      • 1.  Duty of Guardian of the Estate to Deliver Assets  16.47
      • 2.  Accounting in Two Parts  16.48
      • 3.  Last-Illness, Funeral, and Other Guardianship Expenses  16.49
      • 4.  Summary Disposition of Minor’s Assets by Guardian  16.50
    • E.  Death of Guardian  16.51
    • F.  Resignation or Removal of Guardian  16.52
    • G.  Final Account
      • 1.  Preparing Final Account  16.53
      • 2.  Standard or Simplified Accounting  16.53A
      • 3.  Standard Account Generally Easier to Prepare Than Simplified Account  16.53B
      • 4.  Form: Final Account  16.54
      • 5.  Notice  16.55
      • 6.  Objecting to Final Account  16.56
      • 7.  Form: Order Settling Final Account, Allowing Fees, and Directing Delivery of Assets  16.57
    • H.  Discharge of Guardian of the Estate
      • 1.  Affidavit or Declaration Required  16.58
      • 2.  Form: Ex Parte Petition for Final Discharge and Order (Judicial Council Form DE-295/GC-395)  16.59

17

Appeals; Finality of Orders

Matthew P. Matiasevich

  • I.  INITIAL CONSIDERATIONS  17.1
  • II.  IDENTIFYING PROCEDURAL MECHANISM FOR CHALLENGING ORDER  17.2
  • III.  APPEALABLE ORDERS
    • A.  Generally Appealable Orders  17.3
    • B.  Generally Nonappealable Orders  17.4
  • IV.  ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR FIDUCIARIES  17.5
    • A.  Duty to Appeal  17.6
    • B.  Duty to Defend  17.7
    • C.  Potential Liability for Acting on Order Before It Is Final  17.8
  • V.  EFFECT OF PENDING APPEAL
    • A.  Automatic Stay of Enforcement  17.9
    • B.  Exceptions to Automatic Stay
      • 1.  Preventing Injury During Pendency of Appeal  17.10
      • 2.  Orders Concerning Custody or Visitation  17.11
      • 3.  Requiring Bond  17.12
      • 4.  Money Judgments or Orders Directing Payment of Money  17.13
    • C.  Termination  17.14
  • VI.  STANDARD OF REVIEW
    • A.  Importance in Appellate Process  17.15
    • B.  De Novo Review  17.16
    • C.  Substantial Evidence  17.17
    • D.  Mixed Questions of Law and Fact  17.18
    • E.  Abuse of Discretion  17.19
  • VII.  COMMON ISSUES IN GUARDIANSHIP APPEALS  17.20
  • VIII.  OVERVIEW OF APPELLATE PROCEDURE
    • A.  Standing to Appeal  17.21
    • B.  Filing Timely Notice of Appeal  17.22
      • 1.  Form: Notice of Appeal  17.23
      • 2.  Filing Fees  17.24
      • 3.  Effect of Posttrial Motions  17.25
    • C.  Designating the Record  17.26
      • 1.  Form: Notice to Prepare Reporter’s Transcript  17.27
      • 2.  Form: Notice to Prepare Clerk’s Transcript  17.28
      • 3.  Form: Request for Correction of Transcript  17.29
      • 4.  Form: Notice of Election to Proceed by Appendix in Lieu of Clerk’s Transcript  17.30
      • 5.  Form: Stipulation Designating Contents of Joint Appendix  17.31
      • 6.  Form: Preliminary Stipulation on Attempt to Prepare Agreed Statement  17.32
    • D.  Briefs, Calendar Preference, and Oral Argument  17.33
    • E.  Resolution
      • 1.  Opinion and Remittitur  17.34
      • 2.  Petition for Rehearing  17.35
      • 3.  Petition for Review by Supreme Court  17.36
    • F.  Attorney Fees  17.37
    • G.  Costs  17.38
  • IX.  CONCLUSIVENESS OF ORDERS  17.39
  • X.  POSSIBLE ALTERNATIVES TO APPEAL FOR CHALLENGING ORDER  17.40
    • A.  Attacking Res Judicata Effect of Order  17.41
    • B.  Collateral Attack  17.42

CALIFORNIA GUARDIANSHIP PRACTICE

(1st Edition)

January 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

File Name

Book Section

Title

CH01

Chapter 1

Introduction to Probate Guardianships

01-010

§1.10

Checklist: Initial Client Interview

01-021

§1.21

Sample Clauses for Use in Nomination of Guardian

CH02

Chapter 2

Alternatives to Probate Guardianship

02-012

§2.12

Caregiver’s Authorization Affidavit (Fam C §6552)

02-015

§2.15

Authorization for Care Provider to Consent to Medical or Dental Treatment of Minor (Fam C §6910)

02-018

§2.18

Application for Consent

02-019

§2.19

Order Granting Consent

02-024

§2.24

Application for Consent for Minor to Marry

02-025

§2.25

Order Granting Consent for Minor to Marry

02-033

§2.33

Written Assurance of Parent (Prob C §3401(c)(2))

02-043

§2.43

Petition for Order Directing Deposit or Investment of Funds

02-044

§2.44

Order Directing Deposit or Investment of Funds

CH03

Chapter 3

Jurisdiction; Venue; Transfer of Personal Property to Foreign Jurisdiction

03-017

§3.17

Petition to Transfer Proceedings to Another County (Prob C §2211)

03-019

§3.19

Objections to or Declarations in Support of Petition to Transfer Proceedings (Prob C §2215(a))

03-020

§3.20

Order Granting or Denying Transfer of Proceedings to Another County (Prob C §2215(b))

03-028

§3.28

Petition for Transfer of Personal Property to Another Jurisdiction (Prob C §2803)

03-030

§3.30

Verification by Declaration

03-034

§3.34

Order for Transfer of Personal Property to Another Jurisdiction (Prob C §2806)

CH04

Chapter 4

Notice

04-010

§4.10

Application for Order Authorizing Service by Publication: CCP §415.50

04-014

§4.14

Waiver of Notice

04-018

§4.18

Declaration (or Affidavit) of Service by Return Receipt Mail to Person Outside California: CCP §415.40

04-026

§4.26

Declaration (or Affidavit) of Service by Mail: Prob C §1261; CCP §1013a

04-034

§4.34

Application for Order Prescribing Notice

04-036

§4.36

Order Shortening Time

04-045

§4.45

Waiver of Special Notice

CH05

Chapter 5

Starting Guardianship Proceedings

05-016

§5.16

Identity and Qualification of Proposed Guardian (Item 4)

05-027

§5.27

Nonrelative Proposed Guardian; Requirements and Allegations (Item 11)

05-066

§5.66

Objections to Petition for Appointment of Guardian

05-083

§5.83

Order Denying Petition to Appoint Guardian

05-090

§5.90

Sample Letter to Guardian of Estate

CH06

Chapter 6

Temporary Guardianships

06-036

§6.36

Final Account of Temporary Guardian

06-037

§6.37

Order Settling Account

CH08

Chapter 8

Bonds

08-012

§8.12

Depository Receipt and Agreement

08-014

§8.14

Allegation When Assets on Deposit Before Hearing

08-015

§8.15

Allegation When Assets to be Deposited After Hearing

08-016

§8.16

Allegation Concerning Income From Deposited Property

08-017

§8.17

Attachment to Order Appointing Guardian of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-240) When Bond Reduced by Previously Deposited Assets if Receipt and Agreement on File

08-018

§8.18

Attachment to Order Appointing Guardian of Minor (Judicial Council Form GC-240) When Assets to Be Deposited

08-019

§8.19

Order Permitting Withdrawals

08-021

§8.21

Petition for Reduction of Bond

08-023

§8.23

Order Reducing Bond

08-027

§8.27

Ex Parte Application to Increase Bond

08-028

§8.28

Ex Parte Order Increasing Bond

CH09

Chapter 9

First Steps of Administration; Inventory and Appraisal

09-017

§9.17

Petition for Examination of Person About Estate Property

09-022

§9.22

Petition for Instructions to Commence Suit or Prosecute Under Prob C §850

09-024

§9.24

Order Instructing Guardian to Commence or Prosecute Suit Under Prob C §850

09-039

§9.39

Sample Listing of Assets for Attachments to Inventory and Appraisal

CH10

Chapter 10

Duties and Powers of Guardians: An Overview

10-011

§10.11

Ex Parte Petition for Authority of Joint Guardian to Act Under Prob C §2105(e) and for Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship to Remaining or Surviving Guardian

10-012

§10.12

Order Authorizing Joint Guardian to Act and Directing Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship to Remaining or Surviving Guardian

CH12

Chapter 12

Introduction to Duties and Powers of Guardians of the Estate

12-010

§12.10

Petition for Order Granting Independent Powers

12-012

§12.12

Order Granting Independent Powers to Guardian

12-014

§12.14

Petition for Withdrawal or Limitation of Independent Powers

12-015

§12.15

Order Withdrawing or Limiting Independent Powers

12-026

§12.26

Petition for Authority to Expend Estate Money for Support and Maintenance

12-028

§12.28

Order Authorizing Guardian to Expend Estate Money for Support and Maintenance

12-031

§12.31

Petition for Order Directing Guardian to Furnish Support

12-032

§12.32

Order Directing Guardian to Furnish Support

12-034

§12.34

Petition for Order Authorizing or Directing Minor’s Support From Estate Despite Liability of Others

12-035

§12.35

Order Authorizing or Directing Minor’s Support From Estate Despite Liability of Others

12-040

§12.40

Petition for Authority to Pay Minor Allowance for Personal Use

12-041

§12.41

Order Authorizing Payment of Allowance to Minor for Personal Use

CH13

Chapter 13

Specific Issues in Estate Management

13-011

§13.11

Petition for Order Directing Guardian to Pay Debt

13-013

§13.13

Order Directing Guardian to Pay Debt

13-022

§13.22

Petition to Compromise Claim

13-023

§13.23

Order Approving Compromise of Claim

13-036

§13.36

Petition for Order Authorizing and Directing Transfer of Property

13-037

§13.37

Order Authorizing and Directing Transfer of Property

13-044

§13.44

Petition for Authority to Invest Funds

13-045

§13.45

Order Authorizing Guardian to Invest Funds

13-083

§13.83

Ex Parte Application for Authority to Grant Exclusive Right to Sell Real Property

13-084

§13.84

Order Authorizing Guardian to Grant Exclusive Right to Sell Real Property

13-098

§13.98

Guardian’s Deed Conveying Real Property

13-103

§13.103

Petition for Authority to Lease Real or Personal Property

13-105

§13.105

Order Authorizing Guardian to Lease Real or Personal Property

13-108

§13.108

Ex Parte Petition for Authority to Commence Partition Action

13-109

§13.109

Ex Parte Order Authorizing Partition of Real or Personal Property

13-111

§13.111

Petition for Authority to Execute Partition Agreement of Real or Personal Property

13-112

§13.112

Order Authorizing Execution of Partition Agreement of Real or Personal Property

13-117

§13.117

Petition for Authority to Exchange Property

13-118

§13.118

Order Authorizing Exchange of Property

CH14

Chapter 14

Accounting

14-027

§14.27

Petition to Approve Guardian’s Account

14-036

§14.36

Schedule A: Receipts From Noncapital Items

14-040

§14.40

Schedule B: Gains on Sales

14-042

§14.42

Schedule C: Disbursements

14-048

§14.48

Schedule D: Losses on Sales

14-049

§14.49

Schedule E: Property on Hand

14-052

§14.52

Schedule F: Changes in the Form of Assets

14-054

§14.54

Schedule G: Liabilities

14-064

§14.64

Order Settling Account and Report of Guardian, Allowing Fees

CH15

Chapter 15

Compensation

15-009

§15.9

Petition for Order Authorizing Payment of Guardian’s Fees on Account

15-010

§15.10

Order Authorizing Payment of Guardian’s Fees on Account

15-021

§15.21

Petition for Order Authorizing Payment of Guardian’s Fees

15-022

§15.22

Order Authorizing Payment of Guardian’s Fees

15-027

§15.27

Sample Clauses for Attorney-Client Fee Agreements

15-035

§15.35

Petition for Attorney Fees Under Prob C §1470

15-036

§15.36

Order Allowing Attorney Fees Under Prob C §1470

15-042

§15.42

Petition for Attorney Fees (Guardian’s Attorney)

15-043

§15.43

Order Allowing Attorney Fees (Guardian’s Attorney)

CH16

Chapter 16

Guardianship Termination

16-011

§16.11

Petition for Removal of Guardian and Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship

16-015

§16.15

Order Removing Guardian and Directing Issuance of Amended Letters of Guardianship

16-018

§16.18

Ex Parte Petition for Order Suspending Guardian’s Powers, Appointing Temporary Guardian, and Directing Surrender of Estate

16-046

§16.46

Waiver of Account and Release of Guardian

16-054

§16.54

Final Account

16-057

§16.57

Order Settling Final Account, Allowing Fees, and Directing Delivery of Assets

CH17

Chapter 17

Appeals; Finality of Orders

17-023

§17.23

Notice of Appeal

17-027

§17.27

Notice to Prepare Reporter’s Transcript

17-028

§17.28

Notice to Prepare Clerk’s Transcript

17-029

§17.29

Request for Correction of Transcript

17-030

§17.30

Notice of Election to Proceed by Appendix in Lieu of Clerk’s Transcript

17-031

§17.31

Stipulation Designating Contents of Joint Appendix

17-032

§17.32

Preliminary Stipulation on Attempt to Prepare Agreed Statement

 

Selected Developments

January 2019 Annual

Senate Bill 273 (Stats 2018, ch 660) amended Fam C §7002 to include “domestic partnerships” as a condition that would qualify a minor as an “emancipated minor.” See §§2.7, 11.18B–11.8C, 11.16.

Effective January 1, 2019, in cases where a minor wishes to marry, SB 273 requires Family Court Services (FCS) to separately interview the parties intending to marry or establish a domestic partnership and at least one of the parents or the guardian. FCS must also prepare and submit a written report to the court which includes recommendations for either granting or denying the parties permission to marry or establish a domestic partnership. Before granting an order permitting the marriage or domestic partnership, a court must separately interview each of the parties before making a final determination regarding the court order. See §§2.23–2.25, 11.8C.

The Supreme Court of California approved a comprehensive revision to the Rules of Professional Conduct, including renumbering all the rules. The revised rules became effective November 1, 2018. References have been updated throughout the book. For example, in §2.46, the conflict of interest rules formerly found at Cal Rules of Prof Cond 3–310(C)–(D) have been revised and renumbered and are now found at Cal Rules of Prof Cond 1.7, 1.8.7. See §§2.46, 15.34, 17.1.

The California Rules of Court have been amended, effective January 1, 2018, to allow electronic service on a party, including a self-represented party, when he or she indicates agreement to accept electronic service. A party indicates such agreement either by (Cal Rules of Ct 2.251(b)(1))

  • Serving a notice on all parties that the party accepts electronic service and filing the notice with the court; or

  • Affirmatively consenting through electronic means with the court or the court’s electronic filing service provider. Affirmative consent occurs when a party or other person agrees to the terms of service agreement with an electronic filing service provider or files the Consent to Electronic Service and Notice of Electronic Notification Address (Electronic Filing and Service) (Judicial Council Form EFS-005).

A nonparty may not be served electronically unless he or she consents or such service is otherwise provided for by law or court order. Cal Rules of Ct 2.251(f)(2). See §4.29B.

Effective January 1, 2019, the California Legislature extensively revised the Welfare and Institutions Code to comply with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) regulations (25 CFR §§23.101–23.144). See Stats 2018, ch 833. The revisions included relevant changes to Welf & I C §§224.2 and 224.3. Welfare and Institutions Code §224.2 now addresses the duty to inquire about possible Indian status of the child, a duty that Welf & I C §224.3 previously addressed. Stats 2018, ch 833. See §§5A.5–5A.7.

In AB 2090 (Stats 2018, ch 209), the California Legislature clarified that a parent could file a petition for guardianship in connection with a petition to make the necessary findings regarding special immigrant juvenile status. Before the new law, courts were split on whether the term “relative” included a parent. Prob C §1510.1. See §§5B.1, 5B.11, 7.4.

The requirements to become a professional fiduciary have been amended. Stats 2018, ch 681. See Bus & P C §6501(f). A person must now have at least one of the following (see §§10.31–10.32):

  • A baccalaureate degree of arts or sciences from a college or university accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting body of colleges and universities.

  • An associate of arts or sciences degree from a college or university accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting body of colleges and universities, and at least 3 years of experience serving as a conservator, guardian, trustee, personal representative, or agent under a power of attorney or working for a professional fiduciary, public agency, or financial institution acting as a conservator, guardian, trustee, personal representative, or agent under a power of attorney.

  • At least 5 years experience serving as a conservator, guardian, trustee, personal representative, or agent under a power of attorney or working for a professional fiduciary, public agency, or financial institution acting as a conservator, guardian, trustee, personal representative, or agent under a power of attorney.

Along with the developments listed above, all URLs and references to relevant county agencies and nonprofits have been reviewed and updated where necessary to ensure that the correct contact information is provided.

About the Authors

LEONARD THOMAS ADAMIAK is the Supervising Probate Investigator for Los Angeles County. He is a coauthor of chapter 7. Mr. Adamiak received his B.A. in sociology from California State University, Northridge, in 1969. He worked for the Department of Social Services from 1970–1989 as a case worker, administrative assistant, fraud investigator and supervising fraud investigator. He transferred over to the L.A. County Superior Court in 1990. He completed thousands of conservatorship and guardianship investigations before attaining his current position in 2003. He currently supervises a staff of ten full-time investigators, one part-time investigator and seven office assistants.

DEE DEE BLACKWOOD has been a probate investigator for the Superior Court in San Luis Obispo County since 1988. She is a coauthor of chapter 7. Ms. Blackwood received her B.A. in sociology from the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 1974. As a probate investigator, she has completed many investigations in conservatorship, guardianship, and step-parent adoption matters. Her previous work experience was as a social worker in the areas of child protective services, adult protective services, and foster care licensing for San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara counties. She is a member of the California Association of Superior Court Investigators (CASCI), and she has served on the Board and numerous committees and was Chair of the Guardianship Task Force for many years. As Chair during 2004, she was responsible for oversight of an extensive revision of the Court Investigator Guardianship Training Manual. She has also been a presenter at the Family Dispute Resolution Statewide Educational Institute and at CASCI conferences.

PHILLIP CAMPBELL is a partner at Campbell Green LLP in Oakland. The firm has an active trust and estate practice, including planning, administration, and litigation. Mr. Campbell is the author of chapter 11. He received his B.S. in Accounting from the University of Illinois in 1984 and practiced as a CPA for a decade before obtaining his J.D. from Vermont Law School in 1996 and his LL.M. from Golden Gate University in 1998. Mr. Campbell is a supervising attorney for the Alameda County Bar Association Volunteer Legal Services Corporation’s Guardianship Clinic. He has been chair of the Trust and Estate Section of the Alameda County Bar and chair of the East Bay Trust and Estate Lawyers. He serves as a court-appointed special administrator, trustee, mediator, and arbitrator, and sits as a pro tem judge for the Alameda County Superior Court.

VIRGINIA M. GEORGE is a partner in the law firm of Steele, George, Schofield and Ramos, LLP, in Walnut Creek and is also of counsel to the Richardson Law Firm in Walnut Creek. She is the author of chapter 5A. Ms. George received her B.A. in 1981 from the University of California, Davis, and her J.D. in 1984 from the University of San Francisco School of Law. She served as a full-time judge pro tem for the Contra Costa County Probate Court from 2010 to April 2011, and she was a deputy district attorney with the Contra Costa District Attorney’s office, where she litigated extensively, prosecuting approximately 160 jury trials to verdict. Ms. George is a former board member for the Contra Costa Bar Association. An adjunct professor of law at John F. Kennedy School of Law in Pleasant Hill, she was the original executive director and supervising attorney of the school’s now-former Elder Law Clinic. Ms. George is also a past president of Contra Costa Senior Legal Services. Her practice emphasizes estate planning, probate, conservatorship and guardianship cases, and elder law, as well as mediation in those areas.

DON EDWARD GREEN, retired Probate Commissioner, Contra Costa Superior Court, is the author of chapters 1, 3, 5, and 16 and a coauthor of chapter 2. He received his B.A. from California State University, Long Beach, in 1973 and his J.D. and LL.M. (Taxation) from McGeorge School of Law in 1976 and 1983, respectively. Before he became Probate Commissioner, he served as probate staff attorney, Sacramento Superior Courts, from 1989 to 1998. Before working for the court, Mr. Green practiced law as a certified specialist in estate planning, trust, and probate law (suspended while serving as a judicial officer). He is a former chair of the California State Bar Trusts and Estates Section, served as an Executive Committee member for 10 years, and is currently serving as Judicial Liaison to that section. He also serves as a member of the Judicial Council of California Probate and Mental Health Advisory Committee. Mr. Green is a frequent lecturer and speaker for CEB, PLI, CJER , sections of the State Bar of California, county bar associations, and various community groups and charities. He was named Pro Bono Judge of the Year 2003 by the Contra Costa Bar Association.

OLIVER GREENWOOD is a partner in the law firm of Bray & Greenwood LLP, in Martinez. He is the author of chapters 1 and 4. Mr. Greenwood received his B.A. from the University of California, Berkeley, and his J.D. from Golden Gate University in San Francisco. He speaks frequently regarding probate matters and is a member of the Judicial Council’s Probate and Mental Health Advisory Committee. Mr. Greenwood is also a contributing author to California Conservatorship Practice (Cal CEB) and California Powers of Attorney and Health Care Directives (Cal CEB). Mr. Greenwood’s areas of practice include conservatorships, guardianships, and estate planning. His previous work experience was as a dishwasher, a magician, and an enlisted infantryman in the United States Marine Corps—all of which aid him in his current practice.

JAYNE CHONG-SOON LEE is a coauthor of chapter 5B. She is the Supervising Probate Attorney and Judge Pro Tem for the Superior Court of California, San Joaquin County. She was previously the Probate Attorney for the Superior Court of California, Alameda County. She graduated from Yale University; University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law; and Stanford Law School. She has taught at Stanford Law School, published law review articles currently used in first-year law school classes, and was an adjunct professor in the LL.M. tax program at Golden Gate University School of Law. She has practiced tax law in both the United States and the People’s Republic of China. She lectures for CEB, the California State Bar, and various law schools. She has served on the Probate and Mental Health Education Committee for the California Center for Judicial Education and Research, and has trained probate judicial officers and staff in California. She is a member of the Executive Committee of the Trusts and Estates Section of the State Bar, as well as the Probate and Mental Health Advisory Committee of the Judicial Council and the Statement of Decision Joint Working Group of the Judicial Council.

MATTHEW P. MATIASEVICH practices in San Francisco and specializes in trust and estate litigation. He is the author of chapter 17. Mr. Matiasevich received his B.A. from Stanford University in 1989 and his J.D. from the University of California, Davis, School of Law in 1993. He joined Evans, Latham & Campisi in 1997 and became a shareholder in 2003. His reported cases include Conservatorship of Coombs (1998) 67 CA4th 1395.

KATHRYN M. MURPHY has a private practice with offices in Berkeley and San Francisco. She is the author of chapter 9. Ms. Murphy received her B.A. in philosophy from the University of San Francisco, her LL.B. from Lincoln University Law School, her M.S. (Taxation) from Golden Gate University, and her M.S.W. (Mental Health) from California State University, Sacramento. She is a Certified Specialist in Probate, Estate Planning and Trust Law (State Bar of California, Board of Legal Specialization). Her practice is limited to estate planning, estate and trust administration, conservatorships, and litigation involving estates, trusts, and conservatorships.

E. JOAN NELMS is in private practice with the Law Offices of Hartnell, Lister & Moore, APC, in Redlands. She is the author of chapter 4. Ms. Nelms received her J.D. in 1989 from Western State University, Fullerton, and is a Certified Specialist in Probate, Estate Planning and Trust Law (State Bar of California, Board of Legal Specialization). Her practice is limited to conservatorship, guardianship, trust and probate matters, probate litigation, and elder law litigation. Prior to employment with Hartnell, Lister & Moore, Ms. Nelms was employed by San Bernardino County as a Research Attorney for the Probate Department and has taught elder law classes at University of California, Riverside, Extension. Ms. Nelms regularly serves as court-appointed attorney for Riverside and San Bernardino County on conservatorship and guardianship matters.

LESLIE PARRISH is the coauthor of chapter 5B. Ms. Parrish was most recently a senior attorney with Public Counsel’s Children’s Rights Project, in Los Angeles. Ms. Parrish received her B.A. from the University of California, Berkeley, and her J.D. from Columbia Law School. Between 2004 and 2014, Ms. Parrish supervised the Self-Help Guardianship Clinic at the Los Angeles County Superior Court, Central Division. Ms. Parrish specializes in guardianship cases involving special immigrant juveniles. She is an author of Public Counsel’s publication, Caring for Another Person’s Child: A Guide for Non-Parent Caregivers in Los Angeles County.

RUTH A. PHELPS, of Phelps Law Group, APLC, in Pasadena, is a coauthor of chapter 12 and the author of chapter 15. She received her undergraduate degree in mathematics from Immaculate Heart College in Los Angeles and her J.D. and LL.M. (Taxation) degrees from Loyola Law School. She is the former President of the National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys, a national organization of over 4300 lawyers practicing in the field of elder law. Ms. Phelps is a former member of the Executive Committee of the Trust and Estates Section of the State Bar of California, past President of the Southern California Chapter of the National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys, a fellow of the American College of Trust and Estate Council, a member of the Board of Overseers of Loyola Law School, Los Angeles, and a member of the Board of Ability First, which serves children and adults with disabilities. Ms. Phelps is a 2007 Spirit of CEB recipient, and is the author and coauthor of several publications for CEB.

JOHN S. ROUGH is the founder and a co-owner of Bond Services of California, LLC. He is the author of chapter 8. Mr. Rough graduated from Occidental College in Los Angeles in 1969. He worked summers during college for Golden State Bonding in the Los Angeles County Courthouse and used that experience to establish Bond Services of California in Santa Ana in 1974. With offices throughout the state, Bond Services of California is the largest writer of court litigation, probate, and conservatorship bonds in California.

CORBY STURGES, a coauthor of chapter 5B, is an attorney with the Center for Families, Children & the Courts at the Judicial Council of California in San Francisco. He advises courts and Judicial Council advisory bodies on legal issues related to families and children appearing in the California court system. Mr. Sturges graduated from Yale University, the George Washington University Law School, and the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law. Over the course of his career, Mr. Sturges has taught legal and political theory, clerked for a federal judge, and practiced appellate litigation for the federal government.

JENNIFER THAETE is a partner at Abramson & Thaete, LLP, in Livermore. She is a coauthor of chapters 10 and 13 and the author of chapter 14. Ms. Thaete received her B.A. in political science from California State University, Hayward, in 1992 and her J.D. (with honors) from Humphrey’s College School of Law in 1999. Her practice is primarily in the areas of estate planning and administration, including the creation of trusts and wills, and assisting with probate, conservatorship, guardianship, trust administration and other pre- and postdeath transfer devices. She is an active member of the California State Bar, and a member of that body’s Trusts and Estates Section, as well as a member of the American Bar Association, the Alameda County Bar Association, and the Eastern Alameda County Bar Association. She is currently vice president on the Board of Directors of the Tri-Valley Estate Planning Council. She is a member of WealthCounsel, LLC, and a founding member of WealthCounsel Advisors Forum, LLC.

MARY K. VO is a partner at the Law Offices of Scoggins & Vo in Los Angeles. She is a coauthor of chapters 10, 12, and 13. Ms. Vo received her B.A. from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1990 and her J.D. in 1993 from Loyola Law School, Los Angeles. Her practice is limited to conservatorship, limited conservatorship, guardianship, estate planning, trust, and probate matters. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Los Angeles County Bar Association section on Trusts and Estates. Ms. Vo participates actively in the Los Angeles Superior Court Probate Volunteer Panel.

JUDITH A. WILLIAMS, a partner in Jones & Williams in Orange County, is the author of chapter 6. She holds B.A. and M.Ed. degrees from the University of Illinois, Champaign/Urbana, and a J.D. from Whittier Law School, Los Angeles. Ms. Williams’s practice focuses on mediation and collaborative law in the areas of family law, guardianships, and adoptions. She is currently President of Orange County Women Lawyers, and is active in the Family Law Bar and is a Board Member of Collaborative Divorce Solutions of Orange County. Ms. Williams was Attorney of the Year for the Public Law Center in 1997, was awarded the Wiley W. Manuel Award for Pro Bono Services in 1998, and was awarded the Remarkable Woman Award by the National Association of Women Business Owners in 2004.

WILLIAM L. WINSLOW is a partner at the Los Angeles law firm of Farmer & Ridley LLP. He is a coauthor of chapter 2. Mr. Winslow is a graduate of the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law and the University of San Diego School of Law (LL.M. in Taxation). He is a certified specialist in Estate Planning, Trust and Probate Law (State Bar of California, Board of Legal Specialization), and specializes in settlements of complex personal injury and workers’ compensation cases, including drafting special needs trusts, uses of structured settlements, Medi-Cal and Medicare planning, and related topics. He also advises many fiduciaries about special needs trust administration.

About the 2019 Update Authors

OLIVER GREENWOOD is the update author of chapters 1, 4, 12, 16, and 17. See his biographical information in the About the Authors section.

LARA J. HEISLER is an update coauthor of chapter 2 and the update author of chapter 15. She is a solo practitioner in Contra Costa County. Her practice is focused on probate guardianships and conservatorships. Ms. Heisler frequently represents minors and proposed conservatees as court-appointed counsel. She received her B.A. in Literature/Writing in 1992 from the University of California, San Diego, and J.D. in 1997 from the University of San Francisco School of Law. Ms. Heisler has been serving on the Committee for the Criminal Conflicts Panel in Contra Costa County since 2008.

SAMUEL D. INGHAM III is the update coauthor of chapter 8. He has a private practice in Los Angeles limited to conservatorship, guardianship, and trust and probate matters. Mr. Ingham received his B.A. in Latin (summa cum laude) in 1972 from the University of California, Irvine, and his J.D. in 1975 from the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law. He is a certified specialist in probate, estate planning, and trust law (State Bar of California, Board of Legal Specialization) and has served on the Executive Committees of the Los Angeles County Bar Association sections on Trusts and Estates and Natural Resource Law. He participates actively in the Los Angeles Superior Court Probate Volunteer Panel and Probate Mediation Panel and regularly serves as a court-appointed referee or special master in litigated cases.

CLAUDETTE DONATELLA KUNZMAN is the update author of chapter 6. She has a private practice concentrating on probate matters such as conservatorships, guardianships, estate planning, and elder law. Ms. Kunzman is a member of the California State Bar. She is also a member of the Orange County Bar Association Administration of Justice Committee, the OCBA Elder Law Section and Trusts and Estates Sections.

JAYNE CHONG-SOON LEE is the update author of chapter 9. See her biographical information in the About the Authors section.

PETER A. MACLAREN is an update coauthor of chapter 2 and the update author of chapter 10. He currently provides probate-related research support for the San Mateo Superior Court. Mr. MacLaren received a B.S. in accounting from the University of Idaho, was licensed as a CPA in Idaho, received an M.S. in Taxation from Golden Gate University, a J.D. from Golden Gate University School of Law, and is currently an attorney licensed with the State of California. Mr. MacLaren was formerly an adjunct law professor at Lincoln Law School of San Jose and is currently an adjunct professor at Skyline Community College in San Bruno.

WILLIAM MINGRAM is an update coauthor of chapter 8. He is a principal with Bond Services of California, LLC. Mr. Mingram received a B.S. in Quantitative Economics and Decision Sciences from the University of California, San Diego. He began his career at Van Bokkelen Bonds & Insurance Agency and he established its Southern California office before partnering with Bond Services of California, LLC.

ALEXIS MOODY is the update author of chapter 7. Ms. Moody received her B.A. from California State Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo (Cal Poly), and her J.D. from Golden Gate University School of Law. She is a senior attorney at Legal Advocates for Children & Youth (LACY) in San Jose. At LACY, Ms. Moody represents youth in probate guardianships, as court-appointed minor’s counsel and as attorney for minor parents whose children are the subjects of the guardianship. Before joining LACY, she was a solo practitioner representing parents, children, and guardians in family law and probate cases.

LITA PETTUS-DOTSON is an update author of chapter 3 and the owner of the Law Office of Lita Pettus-Dotson, with locations in Contra Costa and Alameda Counties. She received her B.A. from San Diego State University and her J.D. from John F. Kennedy University in Pleasant Hill. Ms. Pettus-Dotson has 10 years of experience in the area of insurance defense and has practiced family law for the past 5 years. In addition, she also represents children as minor’s counsel in Contra Costa County and Alameda County. Ms. Pettus-Dotson is a past member of the Alameda County Human Relations Board and received her mediator’s certificate from Community Boards in San Francisco. She is the editor of the FLIM FLAM newsletter for the Eastern Alameda County Bar Association and an association board member.

PETER STERN is the update author of chapter 14. He received his J.D. in 1981 from Stanford University School of Law. Mr. Stern holds undergraduate and graduate degrees in history from Denison University and Princeton University. He is certified as a specialist in estate planning, trust, and probate law by the California Board of Legal Specialization of the State Bar of California. His current practice deals with a broad spectrum of estate planning, conservatorships, probate, and elder law, including Medi-Cal planning and other legal assistance to families of persons suffering from incapacities. Mr. Stern is a member of the Santa Clara County and Silicon Valley Bar Associations. He was elected to the American College of Trust and Estate Counsel (ACTEC) in 2007. Mr. Stern was a member of the Executive Committee of the Trusts and Estates Section of the State Bar of California from 2000–2011 and was its chair from 2007–2008. He served on the Probate and Mental Health Committee of the Judicial Council of California from 2001–2007. Mr. Stern is the author of chapter 19, “Accounting,” in California Conservatorship Practice (Cal CEB), and the update author of chapter 16, “Special Needs Trusts Accounting,” in Special Needs Trusts: Planning, Drafting, and Administration (Cal CEB).

CORBY STURGES is the update author of chapter 5B. See his biographical information in the About the Authors section.

OnLAW System Requirements:
Desktop: Windows XP, 7 or 8, Mac OS 10.8
Mobile: iOS6, iOS7, Android 4.2
Firefox, Chrome, IE and Safari browsers

Note: OnLAW may work with some devices running older versions of these Operating Systems or Windows RT; however, functionality is not guaranteed.

Please see FAQs for more details.
Products specifications
PRODUCT GROUP Publication
PRACTICE AREA Estate Planning
Products specifications
PRODUCT GROUP Publication
PRACTICE AREA Estate Planning